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Virginia Commonwealth University 

Spring 1983 

Exploring inner space. Page 6. 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 

VCU Magazine 

A publication for the alumni and friends of Virginia Commonwealth University 

Volume 12, Number 1 
Spring 1983 

Computer madness 

2 f= 

A tongue-in-cheek review of the impact of the computer by a most 
unfriendly user 

Exploring inner space 

A journey into the world of minute organisms through the eye of the elec- 
tron microscope. 

The right to die 


The trend toward increased autonomy for patients is not going unnoticed 
at the university hospitals. 

Cities in perspective 


A two-day humanities conference hosted by VCU produced some interest- 
ing insights, including a university professors discourse on the peculiarities 
of speech among residents of Virginia. 

Managing pain through hypnosis 


Hypnosis is providing new hope for some of the 65 million Americans suf- 
fering chronic pain. 

University News 




Alumni Update 


Each issue ot VCU Mai^azinc details only a tew of the interesting aspects ot Virginia 
Commonwealth University. The opinions expressed in VCU Magazine are those of the 
author and are not necessarily those of VCU. 

Located in Virginia's capital city, Richmond, VCU traces its founding date to 1838. 
Today, VCU is the third largest state-aided university in Virginia and enrolls over 20,000 
students on its academic and medical campuses. 

VCU Magazine is produced quarterly by the Office of University Publications. 

Copyright © 1983 by Virginia Commonwealth University 

Ed Kanis, editor 

Greta Matus, designer 

David Mathis, director of university publications 

Editor's Note: In the last issue of VCU 
Magazine (Report from the President 3983-S2) 
Katherine Garrison should have been 
identified as the project director in the 
article titled "Easing the Pain of Divorce." 



An Equal Opporiunity/Aftirmative Action Universily 


By Paul Woody 

I was boarding an airplane 
in Atlanta, my trusty porta- 
ble computer in my hand. 
A passenger noticed the 
sticker on its side that says 
90K Memory. 

"That's no toy," he said. 

1 already knew that. It weighs 
ten pounds and my arm was 
three inches longer than when I 
left home. My ears were stuffed 
from a flight from New Orleans 
and I wasn't up for a discussion 
on 90K Memory. 1 smiled, nodded, 
and hoped he would leave me 
alone. He did ... for a while. 

The plane landed in Richmond 
and a colleague was handing my 
machine to me from the overhead 
luggage compartment. 

"What kind of computer is 
that?" 'No toy' asked. 

My colleague explained that we 
were sportswriters and typed our 
stories on these machines. Then, 
with a telephone hookup, we 
transmitted them to the computer 
in the office. 

"Very nice," 'No toy' said with 
new respect in his voice. "A 

," and he said a word I 

didn't understand. I assumed it 
wasn't an insult to my family. "I 
wasn't kidding when I said 90K 
was no toy. I write programs for 

He looked at me — why I'll 
never know. 

"What language?" he asked. 

I realized this was my big mo- 
ment. Here was my chance to 

"Because I carry a portable computer terminal on airplanes, people 
think I know a lot about computers. Even worse, they think I want to 
know more." 

become a full-fledged member of 
the computer age. Here was my 
opportunity to flash all the knowl- 
edge I'd gathered from two weeks 
of computer science class my 
sophomore year in college. 

1 looked him in the eye. 

"English," 1 said. 

He didn't laugh; he wasn't 
phased. 1 think he yearned to 
show me how lucky 1 was to have 
this machine with the 90K Mem- 
ory. If I'd asked, he probably 
would have shown me how to 
write a program for it. 

Because 1 carry a portable 
computer terminal on airplanes 

and through airports (Atlanta, 
mainly. It seems impossible to go 
anywhere in the world without 
first going through Atlanta.) 
people have the impression that 1 
know a lot about computers. Even 
worse, they think 1 want to know 
a lot more about computers of 
every type. 

I was sitting in an airline termi- 
nal (where else — Atlanta) a month 
later typing a story on my compu- 
ter. A man began looking over my 
shoulder. Etiquette seems passe 
when computers are involved. 

We're all brothers in the computer 
world, I suppose. 

"What kind of computer is 
that?" he asked. 

I gave him the sum of my 
knowledge about the origin of my 

"Atex," I said, and I wasn't 
even sure of that. 

"Got a nephew who sells the 
Whoosh II system," he said. Then 
he waited expectantly for me to 
ask hungrily for all the informa- 
tion available to mankind on the 
Whoosh II system. 

"That's nice," I said and kept 

He went away. 

Computers, though, are here to 

History has recorded the 
Golden Age, the Industrial Revo- 
lution, the Depression and the 
post-war baby boom. Now, we're 
in the Computer Age. I may as 
well be in the Ice Age. 

When I was younger I was in a 
bell choir at church. One day the 
director decided to let us play 
without her pointing to each note. 
I was lost. Every so often, I rang 
my bell, just in case. 

I am even less prepared for 
computers. I've tried. That com- 
puter science class I took for two 
weeks in college was supposed to 
last a semester. I knew I was in 
trouble when I couldn't even 
draw the little boxes correctly for 
the flow charts. The instructor 
sensed the full scope of my capa- 

"It's not too late to drop and 
still get a 'W'," he said one after- 

noon after he'd spent a half hour 
trying to show me the light on the 
most rudimentary assignment. 
My intellectual powers have often 
been questioned, but I can take a 
hint. The instructor never saw me 
in his classroom again. 

Frankly (and perhaps we 
should keep this to ourselves), I 
don't think computers are so 
wonderful. You can't reason with 
one. You can't argue with one and 
if you do, it only shows how 
childish you are. If you hit one 
and damage it, you've mortgaged 
your future earnings. You can't 
compliment or get on the good 
side of one by telling one how 
nice its hair looks or how much 
you like its shirt and tie. I'm 
beginning to feel as if I'm all alone 
in the world. 

Friends tell me of their desire to 
take some computer courses so 
they'll be familiar with the lan- 
guage. I might be willing to try 
that, but I can't even understand 
the course descriptions. Not a bill 
comes into my house that hasn't 
first gone through a computer. I 
can't go to any store that doesn't 
make me pay at a computer termi- 
nal while it takes inventory, 
checks my credit (and that's when 
I pay with cash), and, I suspect, 
investigates my educational back- 
ground, neighborhood, number 
of cavities and the color of my 

There is at least one insurance 
company that is putting micro- 
computers, whatever they may 
be, into the hands of its salesmen. 
Can you imagine that? Actuarial 

"There is at least one insurance company putting microcomputers, 
whatever they are, into the hands of its salespeople." 

tables I could never grasp or even 
read were bad enough. Now, I'm 
going to get calls from a salesman 
armed with a computer that will 
probably be able to give me the 
exact time and date of my expira- 
tion. I'll argue and say I don't 
believe it. 

"It's all in the computer, sir," 
he'll say knowingly. 

It's an understatement to say 
I'm at something of a loss these 
days. I used to pass a store called 
Bits and Bytes almost every day. 
When it first opened, I wondered 
what it was — a restaurant with a 
clever name?; a small catalog 
discount store?; a jewelry store? 
Then, I read that some computer 
company had sold something like 
25 zillion bytes in just one month 
and I realized what Bits and Bytes 

But I still have no idea what a 
byte is. Is it like a chip? A micro- 
chip? Even if the answer is yes, 
that doesn't help a whole lot. I 
don't know what a computer chip 
looks like. For a long time I as- 
sumed a computer chip was a 
piece of a computer that had been 
broken off. I know what a choco- 
late chip is. I'm familiar with a 
chip off the old block and a chip 
on your shoulder. But a computer 
chip ... is it larger or smaller 
than a poker chip? 

But that's not all I want to 
know. What about software? Just 
how soft is it? Is it squeezably 
soft, as soft as a baby's bottom, or 
only as soft as a softball, which 
we all know isn't very soft at all. 
And what about computer hard- 
ware? Is that a screwdriver with a 
calculator in the handle or some- 
thing? And can you straighten out 
defective hardware with a ham- 

Maybe I'm just jealous. Here's 
why. Soon, it's going to be very 
hot. I'm going to come home and 
the evening's entertainment will 
be wiping the sweat off my fore- 
head when I'm in bed. Mean- 
while, every computer in the 
world will be sitting in air condi- 
tioned comfort. And if the air 

conditioning goes off, what hap- 
pens? The computer is stopped. I 
wonder what kind of dues you 
have to pay to be in a union like 

No one else seems too upset 
about all this. Everyone wants to 
interface. They want to interface 
with the office computer and then 
get the software that will make 
interfacing possible with another 
computer somewhere in Tanza- 
nia. In my office, a message some- 
times flashes on my VDT screen — 
"Log off for reboot." It makes me 
wonder if I'm working for a cob- 
bler. The system goes down, the 
system comes back up and every- 
one has to be especially careful 
during a thunderstorm. If a bolt 
of lightning hits the wrong place, 
the world could be brought to a 

Some computers are more user- 
friendly than others. Every night I 
pray that I won't encounter one 
that's user-antagonistic. The 
computer is on-line, unless its 
down (would a valium help, you 
think?), but it can be off-line 
without being down. Never, 
however, is it off color. 

Computers are not just for 
businesses anymore. They are 

virtually in every classroom in 
every academic discipline. One 
reason for this, says one classical 
studies professor, is because 
students are visually oriented 
now. It's easier for them to absorb 
material off a computer screen 
than read several chapters from a 
book. Sort of "Laverne and Shir- 
ley meet The Iliad and The Odys- 
sey," eh? You'd think a classical 
studies professor would know 
better than to say something like 
that. But, he was probably trying 
to be user-friendly and find the 
best way to interface with his 
students. Who could blame him if 
he's got the right software. 

Then, there was the computer 
science teacher who had his 
students writing poetry with the 
aid of a computer. That's one 
small step for humanizing the 
hardware, I guess. But somehow, 
I don't think T.S. Eliot would 
have been quite as inspired when 
he was writing The Wasteland if 
he'd used his personal home 

"Let's see, 'April is the cruellest 
month,' STOP. GO TO. 'breeding 
lilacs. . . .' 

"No, no, that's the wrong stop 

"I'd much rather my children spend hours inside playing Cremate the 
Space Invaders and Annihilate the Aliens than go outside and exercise." 

Instead of calling on Ezra 
Pound for help, Eliot probably 
would have gone to someplace 
like Bits and Bytes. 

The time will come, says every 
periodical on every newsstand, 
when having a personal computer 
in the home will be a necessity — a 
chicken in every pot, a computer 
in every living room. Aside from 
giving us all access to the equa- 
tion for the atomic bomb, the 
world of video games will be at 
our fingertips. 

I can hardly wait. 

I'd much rather my children 
spend hours inside on beautiful 
spring days playing Cremate the 
Space Invaders and Annihilate 
the Aliens than go outside and 
get some exercise. It will be a 
comfort to know my son is deeply 
involved in a game of Ms. Pac- 
man Meets Donkey Kong instead 
of reading Hucklebery Finn or 
classic comics or even Donald 
Duck comics for that matter. 

But before one of those compu- 
ters comes into my home, I want 
someone to tell me the meaning 
of this sentence: "Natural lan- 
guage interfaces have a strong 
potential to revolutionize the 
usability of the computer. . . ." 
That's from a Midwest univer- 
sity's research magazine — and 
they say we talk funny in the 

I don't want to give the impres- 
sion that I think computers are 
totally useless. Where would the 
Division of Motor Vehicles be 
without its computer? Why, then, 
do I still have to wait a half hour 
to get my license renewed? Where 
would banks be without compu- 
ters? Why is it then, with all the 
time and money saved by a com- 
puter, my bank wants to hit me 
with a $5 service charge every 

Thanks to computerized mail- 
ing lists, not a day passes that my 
mailbox is empty. I can't tell you 
about all the recent opportunities 
I've had to purchase vacation 

"Well kid, you're just going to have to face the fact that your father 
never learned to interface." 

homes in the Southeast. In mo- 
ments of fancy, my magazine 
subscriptions have sometimes 
been ordered in the name of a pet 
cat. One cat, now deceased, still 
gets invitations from Charlton 
Heston to join the American Film 
Institute. The same cat regularly 
receives subscription offers (half- 
price, at least) from some of the 
most prestigious publications in 
the world. He would be flattered, 
I'm sure, to know so many com- 
puters think so highly of him. 

There's a television commercial 
that used to run where a farmer 
goes into town to get a computer 
lesson. After the most fascinating, 
valuable, and potentially reward- 
ing day of his life, he looks at the 
smiling computer salesman and 
says, "I think my cows are going 
to like this." 

For years, I have secretly hoped 
he would take his Cathode Ray 
Terminal out to the barn and that 
a Guernsey would kick in the 

Maybe I'm just an old-fash- 
ioned guy. I'd kind of like my 
kids to learn to add without the 
aid of a pocket-size calculator. I 

know Isaac Newton didn't do too 
bad with gravity just by taking a 
break under an apple tree one 
day. Thomas Edison didn't have a 
TRX99619XKE personal pocket 
computer on hand when the first 
light bulb flashed on. 

Don't go by me, though. I'm 
just one computer illiterate cast- 
ing my lance at the vast windmill 
of information systems. Before 
too long a home computer will 
probably reside at my address. 
My son, now three years old, will 
scoff at my ignorance of the ma- 

"Get with it," he'll say. "You're 
making us the laughingstock of 
the neighborhood." 

"Well, kid," I'll reply, "you're 
just going to have to face the fact 
that your father never learned to 
interface. "^"^ 

Paul Woody (B.A. Englii^h, 1975, M.A. 1982) is 
a former editor of VCU Magazine. Now a sp'orts 
writer with the Richmond News-Leader, 
Woody makes use of a eomputer rcery day in 
preparing his artieles. 

Illustration by Scott Wright 

inner space 

I By Laurel Bennett 

Insect eggs on a leaf of an apple tree magnified 100 times 

It is a scene that Jules Verne 
and Steven Spielberg would 
relish: shimmering, futuristic 
shapes, tangled, subterra- 
nean jungles, and gigantic 
terrestrial insects. Pictures of life 
on earth that outrival the most 
prolific imaginations of Holly- 
wood's special-effects creators. 

The elaborate machines capable 
of producing such magical and 
mysterious kingdoms are electron 
microscopes. Under their elec- 
tronic eye a minute section of the 
human tongue, magnified 200 
times, becomes a wild-growing 
garden. Three single strands of 
hair on its surface appear as spiky 
and fleshy vegetation; a miniscule 
taste bud is transformed into a 
mutant cabbage. The lining of the 
bronchial area seems like a rocky 
carpet on a lunar landscape, and 
the head of an ant, enlarged 500 
times, resembles some colossal 

Fantastic voyages into such 
minute worlds of living organisms 
are taken every day in the univer- 
sity's Departments of Pathology 
and Anatomy. The microscopes, 
used primarily in the diagnosis of 
disease and in research, enable 
VCU's physicians to magnify the 
interior structures of single cells 
up to 50,000 times their actual 

Two types of electron micro- 
scopes, scanning and transmis- 
sion, are used at the university, 
each of which serves a different 

To the layman's eye, the three- 
dimensional pictures taken by 
the scanning microscope afford 
the more spectacular views. 
However, since this microscope 
produces only surface pictures, its 
use in diagnosing many diseases 
is limited. 

VCU's forensic pathologists 
make use of the scanning micro- 
scope to examine evidence in rape 
cases, and they are often called 
upon to trace the origins of severe 
burns. With a special attachment 

Face of a black ant magnified 500 times 

to the scope, they can determine 
whether a person has been struck 
by lightning or has been electro- 

A far wider range of uses in 
medicine is available with the 
transmission microscope. 

Today, most diagnostic work on 
liver and kidney disease, tumors, 
and organs is performed with the 
transmission microscope. The 
university's pathology laborato- 
ries, under the direction of Dr. 
W. J. S. Still, professor of pathol- 
ogy, have become the regional 
headquarters for analyzing such 
tissues and specimens. 

"For proper diagnosis, particu- 
larly in renal disease, the scopes 
are essential," said Still, who 
added that all graduate patholo- 
gists at the university are now 
trained in their use. 

The electron microscope works 
in a manner similar to a conven- 
tional microscope. However, with 
the electron microscopes a stream 
of electrons replaces light and the 
image is viewed on a screen 
rather than through an eyepiece. 
The machines do not resemble a 
conventional microscope and are 

about the size of a large office 
desk. A newer type recently 
developed is about two stories 

In the transmission electron 
microscope, electrons bombard a 
subject, pass through the mate- 
rial, and are received on the other 
side of a fluorescent screen. For 
the scanning microscope, the 
electrons bounce off the specimen 
and are received by a disc and 
displayed on a television screen. 

Scientists in the pathology and 
anatomy departments are doing 
research which would be impos- 
sible with an ordinary light micro- 
scope. Still and his assistant have 
examined the interior lining of 
arteries. By looking at the surface 
of these walls, magnified thou- 
sands of times, thev have discov- 
ered that certain kinds of fat 
apparently produce a substance 
which clings to passing cells and 
causes them to adhere to the 
arterial wall lining. This process 
can cause the artery to swell or 
become too thick and mav inhibit 

proper blood circulation, a condi- 
tion contributing to the high 
incidence of heart attacks and 

Still explained that researchers 
have been able to link the produc- 
tion of some fatty acids and other 
fats, and thus the clinging agent, 
to a variety of activities that at 
first seem unrelated. Such arterial 
thickenings can be produced by 
hypertension, a meal of steak and 
potatoes, or excitement. 

Using this microscope, exten- 
sive diagnostic v^ork and research 
is also conducted in the univer- 
sity's anatomy department under 
the chairmanship of Dr. William 
Jollie. One project is focusing on 
the process of aging and how an 
older woman's reproductive 

system loses its ability to receive 
and support an embryo. Another 
project, funded by the federal 
government, is examining brain 
trauma. Jollie's own work focuses 
on how passive immunities are 
passed from the mother to the 
fetus, a process of investigation 
made possible by the intense and 
detailed magnification capabilities 
of these machines. 

Both Still and Jollie agree that 
preparing a specimen for exami- 
nation is the hardest part of trans- 
mission electron microscopy. A 
special device called an ultronmi- 
crontome, a machine resembling a 
sophisticated bologna slicer, is 
used to get the fine slices needed 
for viewing. Small bits of tissue 
taken from ill patients must be 

Surface of the tongue magnified 450 times 

Surface of a tobacco leaf 
magnified 450 times 

fixed quickly to preserve their 
original structure and handled 
correctly the first time because 
there is seldom a second chance 
to get another sample. 

As a challenge to Still, students, 
and operators of the equipment, 
researchers will occasionally select 
delicate and fragile objects to 
inspect in the scanning micro- 
scope. "These produce the 
strangely beautiful pictures every- 
one loves," said Still. 

Items photographed in the 
scanning machine include a hair 
on the leaf of an African violet, 
the menacing face of a spider, and 
the leaf of a tobacco plant which 
has a sac-like part that can be 
squeezed to produce a scent 
which, according to Still, "Fa- 
berge could never begin to 

For Still, photographing the 
details of these specimens has 
become an art form. Many of his 
supernatural pictures have been 
exhibited at the Virginia Museum 
and at the university's Anderson 
Gallery. Framed, unearthly plants 
or a magnified arm of a spider can 
be found decorating the walls of 
private homes in the area. 

Still, who in the 1950s became 
fascinated with electron micro- 
scopy after viewing a magnified 
seam of a piece of coal, believes 
that seeing a cell, a tissue, or a 
plant through the scope is ex- 
tremely beautiful and exciting. 
"Looking at nature, magnified 
thousands of times, is like seeing 
minor miracles in action," he said.^ 

Single hair on a leaf of an African violet magnified 1,250 times 

Electron microphotographs In/ Dr. W. J. S. Still 

The right to die 

V^^ Bv Laurel Bennett 

It should have been a rou- 
tine, no surprises report on 
Dora Fine (a fictitious name), 
a cancer patient at MCV 
Hospitals. During weekly 
patient rounds a third-year medi- 
cal student had just finished 
presenting a list of 142 diagnostic 
and physical facts about the 85- 
year-old, critically-ill patient. 

A follow-up discussion among 
the students and staff on the 
course of her treatment focused 
on whether or not to put her on a 
kidney dialysis machine that 
might unnecessarily prolong a 
rapidly deteriorating condition. 

"How does the patient feel 
about going on the machine?" 
asked one of the students from 


the back of the room. Looking 
through his notes the speaker 
said, "Oh, by the way, yesterday 
she asked me to kill her." What 
was an otherwise routine diag- 
nostic discussion among the 
students and staff quickly became 
a jarring moral confrontation. 

just when and where patients' 
preferences to live or die fit into 
the course of their medical 
treatment is a serious subject 
faced by many of today's medical 
professionals. To help medical 
students, doctors, and nurses at 
VCU explore such relevant issues, 
the university has set up a Com- 
mittee on Ethics in Health. 

Composed of faculty from 
philosophy, patient counseling. 

pharmacology, dentistry, medi- 
cine, nursing, and pharmacy and 
pharmaceutics, the committee's 
work focuses on the development 
of courses in ethics. Curricula that 
can provide a platform for discus- 
sion on the rights of patients, 
who should be eligible for a new 
but limited wonder drug, how 
much to tell a patient, and even 
what a nurse should do when she 
observes an alcoholic doctor about 
to perform surgery are very much 
in the minds of committee mem- 
bers as they attempt to devise 
strategies and answers as quickly 
as the questions are raised. 

One of the university's strong- 
est advocates for making the 
study of medical ethics an integral 

part of the curriculum is Dr. 
Robert Redmon, chairman of the 
Department of Philosophy and 
Religious Studies. Although 
courses in business ethics have 
been offered at VCU for over 12 
years, Redmon said it has only 
been in the last three or four years 
that there has been a heightened 
awareness of medical ethics. 

"This is simply due to the fact 
that modern medicine has become 
so successful," Redmon ex- 
plained. "If you look back, say 
before 1920, your chances of 
being helped by a physician were 
equal to your chances of being 

But technology is not the only 
reason. Describing some of the 
other forces contributing to the 
public's awakening, Redmon cited 
the notion of American consumer- 
ism. "Anyone who spends money 
wants a say in how that money is 
spent," he said. "And, unfortu- 
nately, there is a general decline 
in the public's faith in many of 
today's professionals, doctors 

"Twenty years ago a doctor's 
word was law," said Redmon. 
"Today most people want to 
know everything from risks 
involved in a routine and compli- 
cated operation and what kinds of 
drugs they are taking, to actively 
participating in the decision of 
whether or not to undergo 

Redmon advocates the concept 
of philosophers-in-residence now 
employed at quite a few hospitals 
around the country. As nonmedi- 
cal personnel these philosophers 
often sit in on patient review 
meetings with a hospital's staff of 
specialists and emphasize the 
"whys" of a procedure along with 
physicians' and surgeons' "hows" 
of the procedure. 

How much philosophers and 
theologians will become involved 
in the process of applying philos- 
ophy to medicine is still unan- 
swered, but Redmon had an 
opportunity to test its possibilities 

this past summer. With the aid of 
a grant from the Virginia Founda- 
tion for the Humanities and 
Public Policy he became the 
philosopher-in-residence for the 
MCVH Cancer Rehabilitation and 
Continuing Care Program, a 
division of the Department of 
Rehabilitation Medicine. 

Redmon scheduled ten confer- 
ences for the staff, which works 
exclusively with cancer patients. 
Among the questions discussed 
were: Does the physician have 
responsibility to urge a particular 
treatment upon a reluctant 
patient, and should expensive 
care be given at state expense to 
the derelict who will drink 
himself to death before his cancer 
kills him? 

The practical experience Redmon 
gained during the summer has 
helped him focus on the primary 
ethical concerns of patient care. 
Beginning last year Redmon 
organized a series of colloquia in 
bioethics given at lunch time on 
the MCV Campus. The continu- 
ing series is sponsored by the 
Committee on Ethics in Health 
and is supported by a grant from 
the Virginia Foundation for the 
Humanities and Public Policy and 
the MCV Foundation. Open to 
the public and all members of the 
university's medical community, 
the programs present speakers 
from around the country who 
have a special interest in medical 

Along with a growing number 
of courses, seminars, and work- 
shops in ethics already in exis- 
tence in the Schools of Medicine, 
Allied Health, Pharmacy, and 
Nursing, and those new courses 
being developed by the commit- 
tee, Redmon is confident that 
exposure to these topics will soon 
make ethical considerations 

Redmon believes that for 
medical students evaluating 
patients like Dora Fine and for 
doctors and health administra- 
tors, emphasis on the nonmedical 
aspects of patients will become as 
natural a part of their histories as 
blood pressure and white cell 
counts. C^ 

Laurel Bennett is an editor in the VCU 
Publications office. 

Photo^'^raphy by Dennis McWaters 


Cities inperspective 

Cities have never been predictable. Ever vibrant and changing, cities 
have often led the urban planners and social scientists studying them 
to stretch their perspectives to the limit to keep up with the mass 
migration patterns of the world's exploding populations. 

No one urban planner or social scientist, working in isolation, is 
enough to solve the complexities of global urban centers. In recent 
years, both urban designers of physical networks and social analysts 
of human networks have been increasing their cooperative efforts to 
keep these joint forces progressive and dynamic. 

Integrating the city's networks within an interdisciplinary context 
was the theme of the 31st annual meeting of the Virginia Humanities . 
Conference, "The City in International Perspective: A Humanistic 
Focus," hosted by VCU. The two-day meeting brought together 
specialists from Virginia colleges and universities. Panel members 
included individuals from the areas of history, English, sociology, 
anthropology, psychology, political science, foreign language, and 
urban planning. 

VCU faculty presented a number of papers at the conference 
ranging from a humanistic view of modern Cairo to an examination of 
the tools of urban reinvestment. One interesting paper, "On Learning 
to Speak Virginian," takes a tongue-in-cheek look at some of the 
peculiarities in speech found among residents of the state. An edited 
version of the paper by Dr. John Birmingham, Jr., associate professor 
of Spanish, follows. 

Qn learning 
to speak 

By John Birmingham, Jr. 

I left my native North Caro- 
lina in September of 1959 
and took a job teaching 
English and Spanish at a 
school in the Shenandoah 
Valley of Virginia, at the northern 
end of the Skyline Drive. There I 
learned to understand when 
people said feesh and deesh for fish 
and dish, and poosh and hoosh for 
push and bush. There I learned 
that people do not yawn when 
they are sleepy; they gap. Two 
years later I came to Richmond to 
teach Spanish, and here in Rich- 
mond I discovered that sleepy 
people neither yawn nor gap; 
they yarn. Here I learned to 
understand pi-KAHN for PEE-kan, 
ont for aut, hohse for house, and 
mohse for mouse. 

Remember, I am from North 
Carolina, where we do not talk 
about onts and uncles any more 
than we would talk about going 
to Stontn instead of Stantn. I have 
lived in Virginia for nearly 25 
years, and there are still many 
words that I do not pronounce 
like a native Virginian. That is 
partly because I choose not to. 

I must admit, nevertheless, that 
the pronunciation ont is heard 
down into northeastern North 
Carolina. It is likewise true that a 
good many old-time North Caro- 
linians today trace their ancestry 
back to colonial Virginia anyway, 
so that there is not necessarily a 
great deal of ethnic distinction 
between the two states. Many of 
my own ancestors went from 
Virginia into North Carolina, and 
some others at least passed 

through Virginia on their way 
down from Maryland, Pennsylva- 
nia, and Massachusetts. Before 
1776, however, they had settled in 
various parts of North Carolina, 
and I suppose they took their way 
of speaking with them. 

Another linguistic phenomenon 
which I note in Virginia, more 
than in my native North Carolina, 
is the total absence (in some 
people's speech, at least) of the 
concept of afternoon. In Virginia, 
anything after 12 noon until well 
into the night is evening. My 
automobile mechanic tells me that 
my car will be ready this evening, 
and I immediately begin to won- 
der how late I'm going to have to 
hang around. He assures me in 
the next breath, however, that I 
can pick up my car around 3 pm. 

One of my students tells me 
that she wants to come by my 
office this evening after she gets 
out of class. Since I know that 
evening classes do not let out 
until around quarter to ten, I tell 
her that I'm sorry but that I'll 
probably be at home getting ready 
for bed about that time. She looks 
at me with the most puzzled 
expression you can imagine and 
says, "But I get out of class at 
2:15." If people in Virginia do use 
afternoon, they tend to stress it on 
the first syllable: Afternoon. 

Yet another phenomenon which 
took me by surprise in Virginia 
was the almost complete lack of 
the expletive phrases there is, there 
are, as in "There's a lot to do 
today." In Virginia, those phrases 
tend to come out as It's: "It's too 
many cars downtown today"; 
"It's a McDonald's on the corner 
if you're hungry." 

The North Carolina idiom is 
They's: "They's a good movie at 
the Bijou"; "They's about five 
people waiting to see you." One 
is just as wrong and illogical as 
the other. 

I have long been amused and 
occasionally alarmed by the Vir- 
ginia use of the phrase to have 
(something) plus a past participle, 
or an infinitive, as in to have some- 
thing done or to have someone die. I 
see no grammatical difference 

between He had his house renovated 
and He had his house burglarized, 
yet my common sense tells me 
that the effect of the first is desir- 
able and that the effect of the 
second is decidedly undesirable. 

I have even seen, in a Rich- 
mond newspaper, a report that a 
certain individual had his throat 
cut, and I can't help wondering 
why anyone would want to do 
that. But I know that this phe- 
nomenon is by no means limited 
to Virginia or to the South in 
general. On "Sesame Street" not 
long ago I heard that Bob Mc- 
Grath had had all his furniture 
stolen. Indeed, the construction 
appears in English at least as early 
as the 17th century. William 
Bradford of the Mai/flower, writing 
about the religious persecutions 
in England which helped to moti- 
vate that desperate trek, told of 
people who ". . . had their 
houses beset and watched day 
and night." 

The Oxford English Dictionary 
(OED) records this same construc- 
tion as far back as the 14th cen- 
tury, so I don't think we Ameri- 
cans should blame ourselves for 
it. You can find other examples by 
simply looking up have in the 

Let me disgress for a moment 
and pick up an expression that I 
miss hearing up here in Virginia. 
In North Carolina, when people 
want to express an action that 
very nearly happened, either 
literally or figuratively, they use 
the construction liked to have plus 
a past participle, such as "I liked 
to have died laughing" or "He 
liked to have killed me." 

This construction is directly 
traceable to two legitimate English 
phrases, and the OED gives both. 
The first is to be found where like 
is listed as an adjective, the sec- 
ond where the term is listed as a 
verb. The former is illustrated by 
several sentences, the first of 
which dates back to about 1560: 
"Wherefore that plee would not 
serve, and so [they] had like to 
have had judgment without 


triall." The second appears in 
1426, and one of the best exam- 
ples of it is from the year 1599, 
from Shakespeare's Much Ado 
About Nothing, Act V, where 
Claudio speaks for the seventh 
time: "We had like to have had 
our two noses snapped off with 
two old men without teeth." 

The differences between Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina dialects, 
however, are not nearly as great 
as the similarities. In fact, they are 
remarkably alike when we com- 
pare them to other varieties of 
American English. And both the 
Virginia and North Carolina 
dialects are increasingly feeling 
the inroads of other dialects, 
particularly those from the North 
and those which we hear on radio 
and television. 

For instance, 20 years ago in the 
South we would never have used 
the words guy, pop, soda, and soda 
pop. Soda, of course, has always 
been quite acceptable in reference 
to soda water, soda fountain, or 
ice cream soda, but we would 
surely never have called Coca- 
Cola a soda, or pop, or soda pop. 
Things like Coca-Cola were soft 
drinks, or just drinks. 

We didn't used to use the word 
guy much at all, and just as we 
thought we knew what it meant 
(specifically, a man, a boy, a 
fellow), it has begun to switch 
meanings on us. Whereas you 
guys used to mean you fellows, it 
now means a mixed group of 
males and females, or even exclu- 
sively females. I remember an 
episode of a TV show a few years 
ago in which about five young 
women were sitting around doing 
nothing, when one of them spoke 
up and said, "Hey, you guys. 
What are you doing tonight?" 
And in Parade magazine for Sun- 
day, January 23, 1983, 1 saw an 
article titled "Can a Good Guy 
Finish First?" and I see, not to my 
great surprise, that the article is 
about Sherry Lansing, the first 
female president of production at 
20th Century-Fox Studios in 

I sometimes call these things 
Yankeeisms, and I perceive that 
another Yankeeism that shows 
signs of invading the South, 
perhaps with dire consequences, 
is the use of the word done for 
ready or finished or through. "Turn 
off the light when you're done," 
one of my Northern colleagues 
says to me. Immediately, I feel 
like telling him that I'm not done 
yet, that I'm still cooking. I per- 
sonally would say, "Turn off the 
light when you're through" or 
maybe ". . . when you're fin- 
ished," although I suppose "you 
are finished" is just as bad (and 
just as final) as "you are done." 

Perhaps all of us. Northerners 
and Southerners alike, should 
say, "when you have finished" or 
"when you have done." I can't 
help recalling a hymn I grew up 
with. It started like this: "Rise up, 
O men of God. Have done with 
lesser things." Day is done, but 
people have done, it seems to me. 

I don't know whether the 
following are Yankeeisms or 
Westernisms or just what they 
are, but we have begun to see 
some interesting (if not quite 
valid) new meanings for some old 
and respectable words. These 
words sound trendy and profes- 
sional, perhaps, but they lack the 
ring of authenticity. Besides, they 
already mean something else in 
other contexts. 

For example, people today are 
talking and writing about a proc- 
ess called parenting. They have 
taken the noun parent and made a 
verb of it. While there is nothing 
patently wrong with this shift of 
function, since English often uses 
verbs as nouns and vice-versa, in 
this case it does serve to confuse 
the issue and rob the language of 
an older and warmer mode of 

The switch is confusing because 
it defies logic and leads either 
nowhere or at best to a mistaken 
impression. It does not follow 
logically that if a parent parents, a 
child childs. In other words, 
while perhaps we may engage in 
parenting, we do not speak of 
childing. If a parent parents, then 

what does the child do? He or she 
(s a child, obviously, just as the 
parent is a parent. It is not a 
matter of doing but of being. 

The language is poorer, not 
richer, for this "new" process of 
parenting. I personally do not 
parent; I raise children, or I bring 
them up, or (in fancier moments) 
I rear them. I do not parent in the 
same sense that my children do 
not child, or that sisters do not 
sister, or that brothers do not 
brother. Siblings do not sib. 

Even to father or to mother have 
come to mean to parent, respec- 
tively, as a father and a mother, 
whereas in "the old days" (that is, 
pre-1960) to father meant to beget, 
and to mother meant to comfort and 
care for, at least in my own dialect, 
and I suspect in yours, too. If you 
will forgive the pun, it is incon- 
ceivable to me how a man could 
father each of his children more 
than one time. However, these 
days we are bombarded with such 
dubious phrases as "effective 
fathering" which, on the face of 
it, is contradictory: if a man fa- 
thers a child, that act is indeed 
effective in and of itself and can- 
not be improved upon. In a like 
manner, if a woman mothers a 
child, she runs the very real risk 
of not mothering but of smother- 
ing that child, for the verb to 
mother carries with it the implica- 
tion of an overly zealous female 
parent who tries to protect her 
child from all the dangers of 
normal life. Yet we hear the 
phrase "effective mothering," and 
we must wonder just how effec- 
tive that kind of protection could 
possibly be. 

While I don't think this next 
peculiarity is necessarily a Yan- 
keeism, I do think it has a bearing 
on the discussion at hand. It may 
be that it is simply a quirk of 
American English in general, but 
in Virginia it is extremely strong, 
although probably no stronger 
than in other parts of the nation. 
What I am concerned about here 
is the lack of concord between 


such singular words as everybody 
and the pronouns which refer 
back to these singular anteced- 
ents. We hear "Everybody has 
their own way of doing things," 
"To each their own," and "No- 
body can have their cake and eat it 
too." It is no wonder to me that 
our students have unusual diffi- 
culty when they come across 
similar constructions in foreign 
languages. They want to say 
things like "The class converse" 
and "The family are," instead of 
"The class converses" and "The 
family is." 

Even the United States Govern- 
ment is apparently not immune to 
this kind of non sequitur. Richard 
Mitchell (also known as the Un- 
derground Grammarian) in his 
book Less Than Words Can Say 
(Little, Brown and Company, 
Boston, 1979) quotes a directive 
from the Department of Transpor- 
tation as saying, in part, "If a 
guest becomes intoxicated," you 
might "take his or her keys and 
send them home in a taxi." One 
can't resist wondering if the keys 
would have a pleasant ride home 
in a taxi and how, if at all, the 
keys would pay the fare. 

Even people who should know 
better, people like the Hallmark 
Cards folks, occasionally come 
out with similar goofs. I quote 
from the Hallmark Date Book of 
1982, in which the advice for 
August is to "Send the student off 
in style with posters, plaques, 
desk accessories, and plenty of 
Hallmark stationery so they'll be 
certain to write home!" The ante- 
cedent of they is clearly not the 
student, and we are therefore 
treated to the vivid mental image 
of posters, plaques, desk accesso- 
ries, and plenty of Hallmark 
stationery all joyfully and coher- 
ently writing home. If E.T. can 
phone home, I guess stationery 
can write home. 

Perhaps you will not agree with 
me, but I have tried to save the 
best for last. I want to close my 
tongue-in-cheek criticism by 
discussing just two more aspects 

of Virginia speech, the first of 
which is universally Southern. 
Some people insist that our good 
old Southern you-all (or colloqui- 
ally, y'all) is used as a pronoun of 
singular reference, and I just as 
vehemently insist that it is not. 
No native Southerner, to my 
knowledge, would ever say, 
"How are y'all?" to one person 
unless he or she meant to inquire 
about the health of that one per- 
son plus at least one other person 
who was absent and probably 

A pair of poems which I was 
very fond of when I was growing 
up in North Carolina supports my 
case. It seems that both of these 
poems are anonymous, but they 
are to be found in a book called 
Pitchin' Tar, subtitled A Coinpila- 
tion of Facts Concerning Various 
Things You Will Find in North 
Carolina. This compilation was put 
together by a North Carolina 
humorist named Carl Goerch 
(1891-1974), and it was published 
in Raleigh in 1949. The book 
contains a poem which has to do 
with the use of the expression 
"you-all," or "y'all," as most of us 
would say. The introduction to 
the poem goes as follows: 

This, we believe, was published 
originally in the Winston-Salem 
]ournal several years ago. It's some- 
thing which we wish could be pub- 
lished in every Yankee newspaper 
from Maine to Washington, as well as 
in all magazines and other periodicals. 

It has to do with the expression 
"you-all." Here it is. 

Come all of you from other parts. 

Both city folks and rural. 
And listen while we tell you this: 

The word "you-all" is plural. 

When we say: "You-all come down. 

Or we-all will be lonely," 
We mean a dozen folks, perhaps, 

And not one person only. 

If I should say to Hiram lones. 
For instance: "You-all's lazy"; 

Or; "Will you-all lend me your 
He'd think that I was crazy. 

Now if you'd be more sociable 
And with us often mingle. 

You'd find that on the native tongue, 
"You-all" is never single. 

The second poem ties into the 
first one and zeroes in on another 
peculiarity which I personally 
have noticed here in Virginia but 
not in North Carolina. I have 
always pronounced the name of 
my home state exactly as I heard 
it pronounced around me as I was 
growing up. Here in Virginia, 
however, I often hear something 
quite different. Here's what Pit- 
chin' Tar says: 

The poem on the preceding page is 
a very good one. So good, as a matter 
of fact, that we can't help but add 
another chapter along the same line 
of thought. 

There are many people who just 
naturally refuse to pronounce the 
name of our state correctly. This is for 
their benefit. 

Another error people make. 
Who come from other parts. 

Has often caused us sadness 
And greatly grieved our hearts. 

While trying to impersonate 

A native Southern drawl. 
They'll use a term that's even worse 

Than that about "you-all." 

Our state is proud of its fair name. 
We think that none is finer. 

We love to linger on the sound. 
And say it: "CA-RO-LI-NA!" 

A week ago, while on a train. 

And seated in the diner, 
A man spoke up and said to me: 

"Do YOU live in Ca-LIE-na?" 

And when I told him he was wrong. 
That Carolina was the place, 

A look of blank amazement 
Appeared upon his face. 

"That's what I asked you, sir," he 
In tones of cold disdain. 
'Twas plain to see he thought there 
An idiot on the train. 

I thank y'all for your kind 
attention. $'$ 


Easing pain through hypnosis 

By Richard Hardy 


hronic pain has been 
called America's hid- 
den epidemic. Esti- 
mates on the annual 
price tag for hospital, 
medical, and other health services 
associated with lost work produc- 
tivity for individuals afflicted with 
chronic pain run from $40 to $50 
billion. The average chronic vic- 
tim undergoes three to five opera- 
tions in a lifetime and is usually 
dependent on drugs which often 
fail to relieve pain. Even worse, 
patients have a 50-50 chance of 
becoming addicted to these 

Because of the high probability 
of drug addiction and the obvious 
appeal of nondrug therapy, vari- 
ous techniques such as hypnosis, 
biofeedback, meditation, and 
relaxation exercises are preferred 
by many persons to moderate 
pain. All of these techniques have 
substantial limitations in pain 
reduction, must be used with 
selected patients, and often can- 
not take the place of standard 
medical treatment. 

Since early time primitive cul- 
tures have been aware of the 
power of hypnosis. Priests, witch 
doctors, and gurus have used 
hypnosis as part of their curative 
and deceitful trade practices. In 
ancient Greece and Egypt patients 
were hypnotized or were talked 
to during their sleep and given 
various positive and curative 
suggestions. This work was not 
done in hospitals, but in what 
were called "sleep temples," 
where patients went for 

The word hypnosis comes from 
the Greek word for sleep, hypnos. 
Dr. Friedrich Anton Mesmer, an 
Austrian physician, first used a 
system of suggestion and relaxa- 
tion to control his patients who 
,were said to be under his influ- 
ence or mesmerized. In addition. 

he added electric current in an 
attempt to improve their 

Hypnosis has been seen as a 
valid tool in psychotherapy for 
many years; however, its use as 
an analgesic in the area of pain 
research and relief has been of 
more recent vintage. Through 
hypnosis, a patient's attention is 
focused away from pain or symp- 
toms of pain. 

Rehabilitation hypnosis has 
worked effectively for pain man- 
agement for patients with cancer, 
migraine headaches, phantom 
limb syndrome, joint discomfort, 
cerebral palsy, and kidney dialy- 
sis. Hypnosis is also used exten- 
sively by dentists. 

Essentially, hypnosis is a high 
level of concentration on one 
subject at a time, an altered state 
of awareness in which patients 
are able to disassociate them- 
selves through suggestion and 
concentrate on subjects not asso- 
ciated with their pain or illness. 
While the ability to concentrate 
deeply varies, successful work 
through hypnosis can be done 
without deep somnambulistic 
trance. One of the early mistakes 
which Sigmund Freud made in 
his interpretation of hypnosis was 
that only deep trance could be 
effective in the treatment of his 

Individuals with pain who are 
undergoing hypnosis are given 
suggestions and imagine them- 
selves involved in some event or 
activity disassociated from the 
area of pain. Extensive visual 
imagery is often developed after 
patients are taught relaxation so 
they may, in effect, become active 
participants in their own pain 
control. If patients are dealing 
with pain associated with a dis- 
ease or illness, they may be 
guided through visual imagery or 
fantasy so they can imagine ac- 
tive, militant forces working on 
their behalf to suppress the 

Enjoyable disassociative experi- 
ences can be used to suppress the 

perception of pain. A trip to the 
beach in which the patient be- 
comes totally engrossed in the 
perceived sensual experiences is 
an example. Adding imagery to 
this activity can help patients take 
an even more active part in disas- 
sociating themselves from pain. 

Post-hypnotic suggestion has 
also been found helpful in pain 
management. Through this proce- 
dure the operator suggests to 
patients in trance that the pain 
will decrease, and they will be 
able to disassociate themselves 
from the pain or leave part of it 
behind. This approach is useful in 
managing pain and shows that 
individuals have some control 
over their pain. Most profession- 
als involved in pain management 
through hypnosis teach their 
patients self-hypnosis so that 
patients' positive suggestions can 
be used at any time they choose. 

While many people feel that an 
individual must be relaxed to be 
hypnotized, this is not necessarily 
true. A person can be frightened 
into hypnosis. This fact becomes 
clearer when one remembers the 
definition of hypnosis — intense 
concentration on one subject at a 
time. Therefore persons can 
negatively hypnotize themselves 
into thinking totally about pain. 
The job of the therapist is to 
reduce any such problem and 
reverse it so patients can learn to 
modify or divert thoughts and 
thereby change the impact of 

While hypnosis is not the an- 
swer for all patients suffering 
chronic pain, it provides an alter- 
native for selected patients. Used 
appropriately, it will continue to 
help bring relief to some of the 
more than 65 million Americans 
who must endure the debilitating 
effects of pain on a daily basis. *"^ 

Richard Hardy, Ed.D., is chairman of the 
Department of Rehabilitation Counseling. 


University News 

A research first 

A Survey Research Laboratory 
(SRL) intended to provide public 
opinion and survey research ser- 
vices to organizations functioning 
in the public interest has begun op- 
eration at the university. 

Director J. Sherwood Williams 
said the laboratory expects to serve 
educational institutions, agencies at 
all levels of government, and non- 
profit community service groups. 
Its staff will conduct scientific plan- 
ning, research design, and analy- 

According to Williams, survey re- 
search can be used to acquire citi- 
zens' viewpoints, assess client or 
employee satisfaction, evaluate 
public services, determine needs of 
special groups such as crime vic- 
tims, assess community life quality, 
and obtain the perceptions of spe- 
cific populations such as income 
groups. Williams believes that the 
laboratory is the first of its kind in 
Virginia. Most states have at least 
one university offering services of 
the kind the new facility will pro- 
vide, he said. 

To date, activities undertaken by 
laboratory personnel include an ex- 
ploration of student views and sur- 
veys on drug use, firearms owner- 
ship, and psychosomatic illness. 

Survey Research Laboratory ser- 
vices are provided on a fee-for-ser- 
vice basis, he stated. Clients may 
contract for any or all available re- 
sources such as data collection, 
computer analysis, graphics, con- 
sultation on survey problems, ad- 
vice on sampling procedures, help 
with data base development, report 
preparation, and other assistance. 

Since SRL is affiliated with VCU, 
a nonprofit institution, charges are 
based on incurred costs, including 
personnel, equipment use, sup- 
plies, services, and overhead. Wil- 
liams said the organization at- 
tempts to keep costs at a minimum 
while providing professional ser- 
vice of high quality. 

Organizations or individuals 
seeking further information may 
write Williams at the VCU Survey 
Research Laboratory, 312 Shafer 
Street, Richmond VA 23284, or tele- 
phone (804) 257-1026. 


A matter of fat 

Scientists are cautiously proceeding 
in the evaluation of a new method 
of removing unsightly excess fat 
with the help of an instrument re- 
sembling a small vacuum cleaner. 

About the diameter of a ballpoint 
pen, the foot-long metal tube sucks 
up fat cells beneath the skin 
through an incision that requires 
just one stitch to close. The proce- 
dure appears to be simple and su- 
perior to the usual methods of sur- 
gical fat removal, and forms of the 
operation have been used on hun- 
dreds of patients in Europe within 
the past few years. 

A United States study group 
sponsored by the American Society 
of Plastic and Reconstructive Sur- 
geons recently traveled to Switzer- 
land and France to evaluate ver- 
sions of the procedure for potential 
use in this country. Most members 
of the team were surprised to find 
that the procedures do appear to 
work well, according to team mem- 
ber Dr. I. Kelman Cohen, chairman 
of the university's Division of Plas- 
tic Surgery. 

However, says Cohen, enough 
medical questions still surround the 
process that U.S. physicians should 
approach the method with care and 
caution. "The greatest hazard," he 
says, "is that it may be overused 

and abused. My greatest fear is that 
if it's not done cautiously, a poten- 
tially good technique could fall into 

The fat-sucking procedure con- 
sidered by Cohen to have the most 
promise is one developed by Dr. 
Yves-Gerard lUouz, a French plastic 
surgeon, in the late 1970s. Before 
his innovation, other plastic sur- 
geons used sharp metal tubes con- 
nected to vacuum sources that cut 
as they were guided through the fat 
beneath the skin. This method led 
to potential problems with the de- 
velopment of a seroma, or collec- 
tion of fluid, in the skin pocket or 
indentations of the skin over the 
area from which the fat was vacu- 

Rather than using the sharp- 
tipped suction probe, Illouz de- 
signed a blunt-tipped probe with a 
hole near the tip through which the 
cells could be vacuumed. Following 
incision and the injection of a saline 
solution, Illouz inserts the probe 
and the small blood vessels extend- 
ing through the fatty tissue are 
pushed aside by the blunt tip and 
left intact. 

According to Cohen, the Illouz 
instrument leaves tunnels through 
a given area, rather than removing 
all the fat, and honeycombed soft 

University News 

tissue remains. By leaving this sup- 
porting structure beneathi tine skin, 
potential complications appear to 
be reduced. 

Cohen and other team members 
watched Illouz perform his version 
of the procedure and returned to 
the U.S. with Illouz instruments 
and plans to conduct limited evalu- 
ations of the technique. 

In a statement recently issued by 
the American Society of Plastic and 
Reconstructive Surgeons, the 
group says the procedure is "suit- 
able for certain carefully selected 
patients with minimal to moderate 
deformities that cannot be cor- 
rected by restrictive dieting." It also 
stated that the procedure is not to 
be considered a weight loss substi- 
tute or a cure for obesity and that 
possible long-term complications 
have not yet been researched. 

A first in 

Fifty doctors at the university con- 
tributed their expertise to "Pediat- 
rics," the first pediatric textbook 
written at the university. The text- 
book was recently published by 
Churchill Livingstone, which has 
publishing houses in New York, 
Edinburgh, London, and Mel- 

Dr. Harold Maurer, chairman 
and professor of VCU's Depart- 
ment of Pediatrics, edited the book, 
which will be distributed 
worldwide for potential use by stu- 
dents across the country and in for- 
eign countries. 

Maurer said the book was written 
to meet the needs of students, 
housestaff, and practitioners in 
learning or reviewing the basic clin- 
ical material of pediatrics. Its pri- 
mary focus is on important and 
common clinical problems and 
practical management. 


Two university scientists have been 
awarded the first grants from the 
Alzheimer's and Related Diseases 
Research Award Fund. 

Dr. Lindon Eaves, distinguished 
professor of human genetics in the 
School of Basic Sciences, was 

awarded a $5,000 grant for a project 
to evaluate the possibility of genetic 
transmission of senile and presenile 
disorders with emphasis on disease 
of the Alzheimer's type. 

Dr. Elizabeth Harkins, assistant 
professor of health administration 
in the School of Allied Health Pro- 
fessions, who is also associated 
with the university's Gerontology 
Program, was granted another 
$5,000 for a follow-up project on a 
group of state residents identified 
in a 1979 study as being at high risk 
for such diseases. The project will 
study the degree of mortality or 
institutionalization among mem- 
bers of the group. 

Alzheimer's disease is recog- 
nized as the most common cause of 
senility in persons over age 65. It is 
a progressive degeneration of the 
brain cells and has been found to be 
the fourth leading cause of death in 
the United States. 

The award fund, which sets a 
national precedent for state-sup- 
ported research grants for such dis- 
eases, was established bv the Gen- 
eral Assembly last spring. It is 
administered by the Virginia Center 
on Aging at VCU. 

Awards totaling not more than 
$10,000 annually are approved by a 
committee of representatives of the 
scientific and medical community 
and the general public. Its members 
are from localities throughout Vir- 

A special technical service review 
committee of distinguished scien- 
tists from across the nation reviews 
proposals for their technical merit. 
Its reviews are used by the awards 
committee as criteria for approving 
the grants. 

top faculty 

A convocation honoring outstand- 
ing VCU faculty members was held 
in the fall at the university's Per- 
forming Arts Center. 

The faculty awards convocation 
began a new tradition of annually 
honoring exceptional teaching, re- 
search, and service of faculty mem- 
bers. Dr. Marino Martinez-Carrion, 
professor and chairman of the De- 
partment of Biochemistry, was 

given the University Award of Ex- 
cellence for exceptional achieve- 
ment in teaching, research, and ser- 

Dr. Thomas Reinders, associate 
professor of pharmacy, was recog- 
nized for distinguished achieve- 
ment in teaching. Dr. Alexandre 
Fabiato, professor of physiology, 
was honored for distinguished 
achievement in research, and Dr. 
Pratip Raychowdhury, professor of 
mathematical sciences, was cited 
for distinguished achievement in 

Each recipient was given a mone- 
tary award as well as an original 
glass sculpture created by Kent Ip- 
sen, professor of crafts. 

Guest speaker for the convoca- 
tion was Dr. Harold M. Hyman, the 
William P. Hobby Professor of His- 
tory at Rice University in Houston. 
Hyman, who currently serves as 
the Meyer Visiting Professor of Le- 
gal History at New York University 
Law School, spoke on "America's 
Cities: Orphans of the 1787 Consti- 

President Edmund Ackell said, 
"The contributions of the first dis- 
tinguished faculty awards recipi- 
ents have been immeasurable and 
have greatly enhanced the univer- 
sity. The four individuals honored 
are exemplary of the spirit of dedi- 
cation and excellence toward which 
all of the university's more than 
2,000 faculty members strive." 

Teaching youth 
right from wrong 

The James Branch Cabell Library 
has acquired the papers of Rich- 
mond civic leader Ernest M. Gunz- 
burg. The papers document Gunz- 
burg's community involvement 
and his development of "Your Life: 
Today and Tomorrow," a program 
aimed at steering young people 
from a life of crime. 

Gunzburg, a former member of 
the Metropolitan Richmond Cham- 
ber of Commerce board of direc- 
tors, spent five years coordinating 
and implementing the program, 
which nine inmates at the Virginia 
penitentiary proposed to him. 

A native of Mainz, Germany, 
Gunzburg was an acdve volunteer 
at the penitentiary when the in- 
mates approached him with their 


University News 

idea. The program consists of tapes 
made by 12 inmates from the peni- 
tentiary and the Women's Correc- 
tion Center in Goochland. The 
tapes were coordinated with other 
materials and presented to students 
in schools in Chesterfield, Powha- 
tan, and Goochland Counties. 
Since then Henrico County schools 
have also taken part in the pro- 

John Oehler, director of continu- 
ing education and field services for 
VCU's School of Education, super- 
vised the program. About 70 coun- 
selors from the three school sys- 
tems were trained to use the 
teaching materials. 

In addition to coordinating the 
tapings, Gunzburg raised $35,000 
from private sources to launch the 

Men About Town 

Richmond area businessmen, gov- 
ernment officials, university ad- 
ministrators, faculty, and doctors 
were featured models at the tenth 

annual "Men About Town," a fash- 
ion show sponsored by the VCU/ 
MCV Hospitals Auxiliary. 

"Champions of Causes" was the 
theme of this year's show held in 
downtown Richmond's Miller and 
Rhoads Tea Room. Sixteen male 
models participated in the event. 

Funds raised by "Men About 
Town" are used to purchase equip- 
ment for MCV Hospitals. 

Coping with 

Alopecia or hair loss can be one of 
the more devastating side effects of 
cancer chemotherapy. Although 
not life threatening, the loss is trau- 
matic and can cause some patients 
to refuse chemotherapy treatment. 

Doxorubicin is one of the most 
promising chemotherapeutic 
agents introduced in the past dec- 
ade. However, alopecia is known to 
be a severe side effect and to occur 
in a large percentage of patients. 

Researchers had shown that 
scalp hypothermia, lowering the 
scalp temperature by the applica- 
tion of ice, offered protection from 
hair loss in most patients receiving 
less than 50 milligrams of doxorubi- 
cin. There was no control group, 
^however, so it was possible that 
patients receiving lower doses 
would have had less hair loss even 
without scalp hypothermia. 

It was important to evaluate 
groups of doxorubicin-treated pa- 
tients who received scalp hypother- 
mia and those who did not. The 
hypothesis was that patients 
treated with the "cold cap" would 
have significantly less hair loss. 

In order to test this hypothesis a 
study has been conducted at the 
MCV Hospitals Joint Cancer Clinic 
by unit coordinator Barbara Sat- 
terwhite, R.N. Twenty-five patients 
beginning doxorubicin therapy 
were randomly assigned into two 
groups, one group of which had 
scalp tourniquets and cold caps ap- 
plied 15 minutes prior to infusion of 
the drug and continued one hour 
past infusion. Patients remained on 
the study until they developed se- 
vere hair loss or stopped receiving 
the drug. 

The use of scalp hypothermia re- 
sulted in acceptable hair loss in 75 
percent of the patients. In 8 percent 

of the control group hair loss was 
acceptable. Those receiving more 
than 50 milligrams of doxorubicin 
were at higher risk of hair loss, but 
hypothermia treatment reduced 
the side effects in this group so that 
57 percent of the patients experi- 
enced acceptable hair loss. All pa- 
tients who received higher dosages 
of doxorubicin without scalp hypo- 
thermia suffered severe hair loss. 

Through nursing research there 
is now significant data to justify the 
use of scalp hypothermia to pre- 
vent alopecia for patients receiving 
doxorubicin during chemotherapy. 

the handicapped 

Living and working with severely 
handicapped persons requires 
training and guidance, both of 
which are provided by the univer- 
sity's Severely Handicapped Com- 
munity Tiaining Project. 

Keeping handicapped individ- 
uals out of institutions is the pro- 
ject's main goal, but it also works to 
prepare members of the commu- 
nity to accept them. 

The project, located at VCU's Di- 
vision of Educational Services, is 
funded by the U.S. Department of 
Education. The training opportuni- 
ties it offers include in-service 
workshops, program development, 
and on-site technical assistance. 

A director, three full-time staff 
members, and several consultants 
are available throughout the year to 
provide professional training. Pro- 
ject personnel will serve the Rich- 
mond metropolitan area through 
September 1983, after which Hme 
they hope to expand the program to 
serve the entire state. 

Open to any individual or group 
that serves handicapped persons 
under the age of 22, the project is 
particularly designed for natural 
and foster parents, group home 
and residential counselors and 
managers, recreation leaders, 
teachers and classroom aides, social 
workers, case managers, respite 
care givers, community leaders and 
civic organizations, and personnel 
of health and medical services. 

The staff offers instruction and 
information in the following areas: 


University News 

instructional strategies; behavior 
management; communication 
methods; domestic, recreation, 
community, and vocational skills; 
advocacy and respite care; family 
training and support groups; sup- 
port personnel; and physical/motor 

Other forms of training and types 
of services include formal classes 
through VCU's Division of Contin- 
uing Studies and Public Service for 
professionals, parents, and con- 
cerned citizens desiring informa- 
tion on school, home, vocational, 
and community training; program 
development with staff assistance 
for design, implementation, and 
evaluation; and on-site technical as- 
sistance in designing educational or 
behavioral programs for individ- 

A key to coma 

Coma, the condition in which a per- 
son's eyes are closed and there is no 
awareness of one's body or of the 
external world, continues to puzzle 
medical experts with its complexity 
and mystery. 

Experiments directed by Dr. 
Ronald Hayes, assistant professor 
of surgery, seem to indicate certain 
agents can reverse an experimen- 
tally-produced coma. Hayes is 
quick to point out, however, that 
these studies represent the early 
stages of basic research about coma, 
a subject about which he says "vir- 
tually nothing" is known scientifi- 

When a particular substance, a 
compound that exists naturally in 
the brain, is infused into specific 
regions deep within a cat's brain, 
the cat appears comatose. The ani- 
mal quickly awakens with the injec- 
tion of another substance that 
counteracts the effects of the brain's 
nerve-transmitting substance, ace- 
tylcholine. The finding from this 
procedure is that these tiny regions 
in the brain, which become highlv 
active when animals go comatose 
due to injury, can also become acti- 
vated with the injection of acetyl- 
choline, which induces a comalike 

The university's Richard Roland 
Reynolds Neurosurgical Research 
Laboratories are among the few 

currently doing fundamental stud- 
ies on coma. Investigations of un- 
consciousness produced by head 
injuries are being conducted as well 
as studies of how head injury dis- 
abilities might be prevented or bet- 
ter treated. According to Dr. 
Donald Becker, chairman of the Di- 
vision of Neurosurgery, 50,000 
Americans die annually due to 
head injuries, and another 50,000 to 
60,000 survive their injuries but 
with varying degrees of disability. 

"Coma," says Becker, "is a state 
of sleepfulness from which you 
cannot be aroused." Although 
there are no body movements ex- 
cept for breathing in deep coma, 
Becker says that contrary to popu- 
lar belief continuous sleep-like co- 
mas rarely last more than several 
weeks. People who do remain in 
coma for long periods of time gen- 
erally have extensive brain damage 
but the duration of the coma is lim- 
ited. Either death occurs or, says 
Becker, the patient may show slight 
improvement and enter what phy- 
sicians call the vegetative state. Pa- 
tients may remain in this condition 

for months or years, or they may 
pass through this stage to recover 
more fully. 

Coma is a result of damage to the 
brain's central core. University 
physicians are concentrating on the 
midbrain portion of the core in their 
studies. However, says Hayes, 
finding that certain areas of the 
brain are activated during coma 
does not necessarily mean all forms 
of coma are associated with that 
mechanism. Researchers will con- 
tinue to study the effectiveness of 
various substances in reversing 
coma induced in a laboratory set- 
ting. The experiments will not be 
tried with humans until considera- 
ble further investigations are com- 

"Our animal experiments," ex- 
plains Hayes, "are directed to 
investigating whether drugs can 
reduce the duration of uncon- 
sciousness and whether it's good or 
bad. With such data, we may then 
try to apply it to humans." 


Corporations and government 
agencies hire people with college 
degrees for many of their positions, 
but the employers know that edu- 
cation does not end with gradua- 
tion day. 

Agencies of federal, state, and 
local governments, and personnel 
or training offices of 138 private 
firms sent almost 2,500 of their em- 
ployees to courses at VCU during 
the spring 1982 semester. 

From A&P to Woolworth, the 
companies had 1,236 employees 
enrolled in courses for credit in 
VCU's School of Business. Govern- 
ment sent 1,248 more. These fig- 
ures do not reflect enrollments in 
noncredit short courses and semi- 
nars offered by VCU's Management 
Center and other facilities, where 
the public and private sectors each 
sent more than 1,000 students. 

One of the VCU's missions is to 
provide educational services to 
metropolitan Richmond both 
within and beyond the traditional 
framework of set curricula leading 
to specific degrees. These services 
include appropriate courses and 
flexible scheduling to afford corpo- 
rate and governmental employees 
scope-broadening, skill-improving 

Some employees were released 
from work for portions of the day to 
permit them to attend classes. Oth- 
ers took courses in the evening. 

Among the government jobhold- 
ers, 106 were federal emplovees, 
954 worked for the state, and 188 
were from local government. 
Among the private firms, 98 seek- 
ers of academic credit were from 
Philip Morris Inc., and 87 were 
from Vepco. 

A wide variety of companies pro- 
vided VCU courses for their work- 
ers and included organizations in 


University News 

retailing, manufacturing, banking, 
hotel operation, transportation, 
communications, real estate, bro- 
kerage, engineering, food service, 
health care, philanthropy, insur- 
ance, and law. 

Vacation homes 
can be taxing 

A vacation home can be a source of 
recreational pleasure for the owner, 
but it isn't likely to be a great asset 
as a tax shelter, according to a new 
publication issued by the Virginia 
Real Estate Research Center at 


Tax Considerations in Owning Vaca- 
tion Homes was prepared by Dr. 
Clarence Dunn, professor of ac- 
counting in VCU's School of Busi- 
ness. The research report discusses 
how expenses can be deducted in 
regard to vacation homes or other 
dwelling units that are rented for 
part of the year and used by the 
owner on other occasions. 

According to Dunn, ownership 
and rental of vacation homes just is 
not the potentially favorable tax 
shelter that existed prior to 1977 
because of changes made in the tax 
laws in 1976. 

He says other real estate invest- 
ments offer superior tax shelter for 
other earned incomes, and that 

purchase or construction of a vaca- 
tion home can be justified in terms 
of family enjoyment and potential 
value appreciation. 

"Tax benefits," he concludes, 
"should be viewed as secondary or 
as a modest bonus from this form of 

The report was made possible by 
funding from the Virginia Realtors 
Foundation. Additional informa- 
tion may be obtained by writing the 
Virginia Real Estate Research Cen- 
ter at VCU's School of Business, 
Richmond, VA 23284. 

A capital 

Anne P. Satterfield (B.S. 1943) has 
been appointed chair of the 1982-83 
VCU Annual Fund by President 
Edmund Ackell. 

Satterfield served as rector of the 
university's Board of Visitors in 
1980-81 and was a member of the 
board from 1974-1981. She is also a 
member of the Metropolitan Board 
of Directors of United Virginia 
Bank, Executive Board of Rich- 
mond Memorial Hospital, and the 
governor's Economic Advisory 
Council. Satterfield was president 
of United Way of Greater Richmond 
for 1980. 

Serving with Satterfield as vice- 
chairs are Howard M. McCue, Jr. 
(M.D. 1941) and E. Brooks Bowen 
(B.S. 1967). McCue recently retired 
as executive vice president of the 
Life Insurance Company of Vir- 
ginia. Co-chairman of the personal 
gifts division of the United Way of 
Greater Richmond in 1981, McCue 
is a former president of the Rich- 
mond Heart Association and a 
former director of the American 
Heart Association. Bowen, a senior 
vice-president of personnel for 
Thalhimer Brothers, Inc., is on the 
board of directors of the Better Busi- 
ness Bureau and the United Way of 
Greater Richmond. He is a former 
president of the Richmond area 
chapter of the American Society of 
Personnel Administrators and a 
former member of the Richmond 
Urban League. 

In announcing the appointment 
of Satterfield, Ackell emphasized 
the importance of voluntary gift 
support, especially the Annual 

Fund, to the future of VCU. He said 
it was rare that a state-assisted uni- 
versity became outstanding with- 
out significant support from the 
private sector. The president stated 
that he expected annual support 
from alumni and other sources to 
be an increasingly important re- 
source for VCU in the years ahead. 

The Annual Fund seeks expenda- 
ble gifts each year for the general 
support of the university's opera- 
tions on either campus, the 
schools, libraries, and financial aid. 
Unrestricted gifts are most prized 
by the university because they can 
be used where the needs are great- 
est and provide flexibility not gen- 
erally available with tax dollars. On 
the other hand, the university 
wishes to encourage alumni and 
others with deep interests in either 
campus or the various schools and 
departments to direct their gifts ac- 

The university hopes to build a 
substantial base of donors who give 
each year to the Annual Fund. This 
will enable VCU to better plan for 
use of the resources which become 

Illustration by Scott Wright 



Dr. Edmund Arnold, professor 
of mass communications, has been 
made an honorary life member of 
the Virginia Press Association. 

Charles Austin, director of com- 
puting and information, has been 
elected vice-chairman of the Advi- 
sory Council on Educational Com- 
puting for Virginia. 

Paul Barberini, director of finan- 
cial aid, has been named chairman- 
elect of the Safe System Advisory 
Board of Consultants. 

Dr. Lynn Bloom, chairman of the 
Department of English, has pub- 
lished Strategic Writing, a rhetoric 
book for freshman English stu- 

Elizabeth Boone, instructor in 
English, and Ada Hill, assistant 
professor of education, had their 
monograph If Masloiv Taught Writ- 
ing: A Wax/ to Look at Motivation in the 
Composition Classroom published by 
the National Writing Project in 
Berkeley, California. 

Dr. James Boykin, Alfred L. 
Blake Chair professor of real estate, 
has co-authored a book titled Basic 
Income Property Appraisal. 

Dean Broga, assistant professor 
of radiology, has been appointed to 
Virginia's Radiation Advisory 

Dr. Richard Brookman, associate 
professor of pediatrics, has been 
appointed by the Richmond City 
Council to its Youth Services Com- 

Tim Byrne, assistant professor in 
University Library Services, has 
been elected 1982-83 coordinator of 
the State and Local Documents 
Taskforce of the Government Docu- 
ments Roundtable, American Li- 
brary Association. 

Judith Collins, associate profes- 
sor of nursing, has been awarded a 
one-year Robert Wood Johnson 
Health Policy Fellowship in Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

Dr. Samuel Craver, associate 
professor of education, has been 
elected president of the South 
Atlantic Philosophy of Education 
Society for 1982-84.' 

George Crufchfield, director. 
School of Mass Communications, 
has received the George Mason 
Award from the Richmond chapter 
of the Society of Professional Jour- 
nalists, Sigma Delta Chi. 

Dr. George Dintiman, chairman 
and professor of health and physi- 
cal education, had a revised edition 
of his textbook Health Through Dis- 
cover]/ published by Addison-Wes- 
ley Publishing Company. Another 
book, Exercise and Weight Control: 
The Road to Lasting Fitness, will be 
released in the fall. He has now 
written 13 books since joining the 
university faculty in 1968. 

Dr. Maurice Duke, professor of 
English, had his book, A Richmond 
Reader: 1733-1983, accepted for 
publication bv the University of 
North Carolina at Chapel Hill 
Press. Another book, American Fe- 
male Writers, has been accepted for 
publication bv Greenwood Press. 

Dr. Leo Dunn, chairman of the 
Department of Obstetrics and 
Gynecology, has been appointed 
president of the American Board of 
Obstetrics and Gynecology. 

Leonard Edloe, Jr., clinical in- 
structor in pharmacy, was named 
Outstanding Young Man of the 
Year for 1982 by the Richmond Jay- 

Dr. Arthur Engel, assistant pro- 
fessor of history, has been selected 
a visiting fellow of All Souls Col- 
lege, Oxford, for the fall 1983 se- 

Dr. Charles Fair, associate pro- 
fessor of mass communications, 
has been elected national vice-pres- 
ident of campus chapter affairs for 
the Society of Professional Journal- 
ists, Sigma Delta Chi. 

Dr. John Farrar, professor of 
medicine and chief of staff at the 
McGuire Veterans Administration 
Medical Center, has been named 
president of the American Gas- 
troenterological Association. 

Dr. Robert Friedel, chairman of 
the Department of Psychiatry, has 
been named acting director of the 
Virginia Treatment Center for Chil- 

Dr. Barbara Fuhrmann, associate 
professor of education, is co-author 
of A Practical Handbook for College 
Teachers published by Little, Brown, 
and Company. 

Dr. Geraldine Garner, coordina- 
tor of the Cooperative Education 
Program, has received the Distin- 
guished Service Award from the 
National Vocational Guidance As- 

Dr. Howard Garner, associate 
professor of education, had a book 
titled Teamwork in Programs for Chil- 
dren and Youth published by Charles 
C. Thomas Publishers. 

Robert Grey, Jr., former assistant 
professor of business, has been 
named a commissioner on the Vir- 
ginia Alcohol Beverage Control 

Dr. Mary Hageman, assistant 
professor of administration of jus- 
tice and public safety has co-au- 
thored a book. Community Correc- 
tions, published by Anderson 
Publishing Company. 

Dr. Richard Hardy, chairman of 
the Department of Rehabilitation 
Medicine, has been named a fellow 
of the American Psychological As- 

John Hasty, clinical instructor in 
pharmacy, received the National 
Association of Retail Druggists' 
Parke-Davis Drug Abuse Educator 
Award for 1982. 

John Hawthorne, assistant pro- 
fessor of crafts, has received an Em- 
erging Artist Award from the Na- 
tional Endowment for the Arts. 



Dr. Peggy Hayes, assistant pro- 
fessor of pharmacy and pharma- 
ceutics, has been appointed chair- 
man of the Task Force on Aftercare 
Pharmacy Policy and Practice by 
the Virginia Department of Mental 
Health and Mental Retardation. 

Dr. Chester Hedgepeth, assistant 
professor of English and coordina- 
tor of Afro-American Studies, has 
been selected editor of the Encyclo- 
pedia of Afro-American Writers and 
Artists to be published by the 
American Library Association. 

Dr. Neil Henry, associate profes- 
sor of mathematical sciences and 
anthropology/sociology, is associ- 
ate editor of the journal of Educa- 
tional Statistics. 

James Hooker, assistant profes- 
sor of administration of justice and 
public safety, has been appointed 
editor of the LAE Journal, the official 
publication of the American Crimi- 
nal Justice Association (Lambda Al- 
pha Epsilon). 

Evelyn Jez, instructor in English, 
has been elected to the Virginia 
State NOW (National Organization 
for Women) Policy Council for 1982- 

Dr. Susan Kennedy, professor of 
history, has been named a 1982 
Hoover Scholar by the Herbert 
Hoover Presidential Library Associ- 

Dr. Gary Kielhofner, assistant 
professor of occupational therapy, 
has written a book titled Health 
Through Occupation: Theory and Prac- 
tice of Occupational Therapy. 

Dr. Jeanette Kissinger, associate 
professor of medical-surgical nurs- 
ing, has been appointed to the new 
20-member Governor's Council on 
Physical Fitness and Sports. 

Beth Meixner, assistant professor 
of radiologic technology, has been 
elected vice-president of the Vir- 
ginia Society of Radiologic Technol- 

Dr. Michael Miller, assistant 
professor of English, has received a 
Fulbright grant to teach at Silesian 
University in Sosnowiec, Poland. 
He will teach linguistics, English, 
and American English. 

Dr. William Miller, professor of 
pediatrics, has received a five-year 
$500,000 Preventive Cardiology Ac- 
ademic Award to extend the curric- 
ulum in preventive cardiology at 
the university. 

Stephen Moore, director of em- 
ployee relations, has been elected 
vice-president for professional de- 
velopment by the College and Uni- 
versity Personnel Association. 

Dr. Max Moszer, professor of ec- 
onomics, has been appointed editor 
of Business Economics, the journal of 
the National Association of Busi- 
ness Economists. 

Dr. Walter Nance, chairman of 
the Department of Human Genet- 
ics, has been elected to the board of 
directors of the American Board of 
Medical Genetics. 

Dr. M. Pinson Neal, Jr., profes- 
sor of radiology, has been named 
president of the Southern Medical 

Dr. Nancy Osgood, assistant pro- 
fessor of gerontology and sociol- 
ogy, has received a two-year ap- 
pointment to the National 
Committee on Vital and Health 

Dr. LeEtta Pratt, assistant profes- 
sor of health and physical educa- 
tion, has been named to the Ameri- 
can Association for Health 

Curtis Ripley, assistant professor 
of crafts, recently exhibited work at 
the Barbara Toll Fine Arts Gallery in 
New York. 

Dr. John Salley, vice-president 
for research and dean of graduate 
studies, has been named to the 
state Task Force on Science and 
Technology. The group is designed 
to attract new industry to the state 
and to develop education programs 
to support future-oriented indus- 

Dr. Robert Schneider, assistant 
dean. School of Social Work, has 
been appointed to the state advi- 
sory board of the Department of 
Aging. He has also been appointed 
a member of the board of directors 
of the Capital Area Agency on Ag- 

Dr. David Smith, professor of 
English, had his comic novel, Onli- 
ness, published by Louisiana State 
University Press. 

Dr. Howard Sparks, associate 
vice-president for academic affairs, 
has been named an Outstanding 
Adult Educator by the Adult Edu- 
cation Association of Virginia. 

Dr. William Spencer, associate 
professor of pediatrics, has been 
named president of the Southeast- 
ern Allergy Association. 

Dr. George Vennart, chairman of 
the Department of Pathology, has 
been appointed Southeast Regional 
Commissioner for the College of 
American Pathologists' Commis- 
sion on Laboratory Accreditation. 

William Wegman, visiting pro- 
fessor in painting and printmaking, 
was featured in a Nezvsuvek (Janu- 
ary 3, 1983) article titled "From 
Dada to Bowwow: The Vision of 
Yves Klein, the Wit of William 

Dr. David White, professor 
emeritus, School of Mass Commun- 
ications, has been inducted into the 
University of Iowa School of Jour- 
nalism and Mass Communications 
Hall of Fame. 


Alumni Update 


Elva Newman (nursing) of Beckley, 
West Virginia, is employed in general 
duty in Wyoming General Hospital. 


Frank H. Mayfield (M.D.) has been 
named one of 15 honorary presidents 
to serve the World Federation of 
Neurological Societies through its 
eighth International Congress in 
1985. He has also been invited to 
membership in Xerion, an interna- 
tional organization of neurosurgeons. 


Dorothy K. Thompson (nursing) is 
a member of Holistic Health Centers, 
Inc., American Holistic Medical Insti- 
tute, and the Association for Holistic 


Hugh S. Edwards (M.D.) has 
retired after 40 years of service as 
medical director of Pinecrest Hospital 
in Beckley, West Virginia. 

Reno R. Porter (M.D.) received the 
Virginia Department of Rehabilitative 
Services' Roy M. Hoover Award for 
his work with the disabled. 


Christine Thelen (M.D.) has 
received a Special Recognition Award 
from the board of directors of the 
United Way of Wichita and Sedgwick 
County, Inc. 


Lucille Godfrey Quattlebaum 

(B.F.A. art) recently had several of 
her paintings and batiks displayed in 
a one-man show in Bennettsville, 
South Carolina. 


Herman J. Glax (M.D.) has been 
elected president of the International 
RehabiUtation Medicine Association 
for 1982-86. He is an honorary mem- 
ber of the Sociedad Espafiola de 


Lloyd L. Hobbs (D.D.S.) of 
Blacksburg, Virginia, a ten-year vet- 
eran of the Blacksburg Town Council 
and a bank chairman, has won 
the town's Distinguished Citizen 

Catherine Ingraham Hastings (B.S. 
general science) represented VCU at 
the inauguration of Curtis L. McCray 
as president of the University of 
North Florida in October. 


Randolph Mott Jackson (M.D., 
B.S. pharmacy 1946) has been re- 
elected assistant secretary of the 
18,000-member American Society of 

Marion Radlin Mirmelstein (B.S. 
sociology) represented VCU at the 
inauguration of Alfred L. Hurley as 
president of North Texas State 
University in October. 


Clem F. Burnett, Jr. (M.D.) is 
president of the Kentucky Society of 
Internal Medicine for 1982 and 1983. 

Nancy B. Taylor (nursing) is asso- 
ciate chief of nursing education at the 
Veterans Administration Medical 
Center in Salem, Virginia. 


Sanford L. Lefcoe (D.D.S.) has 
been appointed to the Virginia Board 
of Dentistry. 


Philip London (M.D.) represented 
VCU at the inauguration of Peter 
James Liacouras as president of 
Temple University in October. 

Josephine H. Snead (B.S. social 
welfare) is working as a curriculum/ 
instruction specialist for the School 
Board in Fluvanna County, Virginia. 


Shirley M. O'Donnol (M.F.A.) has 
written a book tided American Cos- 
tume, 1915-1970: A Source Book for the 
Stage Costumer. She is professor 
emeritus of theatre arts at California 
State University, Sacramento. 

Vashti J. Richardson (B.S. nursing) 
has been named director of public 

health nursing for the Richmond City 
Health Department. 

Viola M. Stoick (physical therapy) 
is employed as a physical therapist by 
the Visiting Nurse Association of 


William J. Artrip (D.D.S.) has been 
re-elected to the West Virginia House 
of Delegates. 

Eugene H. Eskey, Jr. (D.D.S.) 
recently received the Simmons Award 
for outstanding contributions to 
dentistry during the Tidewater Dental 
Association's annual meeting. 

Thomas H. Holland (B.S. phar- 
macy) has been appointed to the 
American College of Apothecaries 
Committee on Constitution and 


David Ware Branch (M.D.) has 
been elected vice-chairman of the Vir- 
ginia section of the American College 
of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 
for a three-year term. 

Nick G. Nicholas (B.S. pharmacy) 
has been elected chairman of the 
board of directors of the Halifax Street 
Business Association and secretary of 
St. Elpis Greek Orthodox Church in 
Hopewell, Virginia. 

Alice Dooley Overton (B.S. jour- 
nalism) is managing editor of the 
journal of the American Podiatry Associ- 
ation in Washington, D.C. 


Richard Carlyon (B.F.A. painting, 
M.F.A. 1963) served as a juror for the 
1982 juried exhibition at the Penin- 
sula Fine Arts Center in Newport 
News, Virginia. 

Clifton E. Crandell (D.D.S.) co- 
authored the recently published From 
Quonset Hut to Number 1 and Beyond: A 
History of the University of North 
Carolina School of Dentistry. 

William H. Talley, III (B.S. 
business) has been elected secretary- 
treasurer of the Richmond chapter of 
the American Society of Chartered 
Life Underwriters. 


Alumni Update 


Herbert R. Collins (B.S. sociology 
and history) has been named execu- 
tive director of the National Philatelic 
Collections at the National Museum 
of American History. 

Paul B. Miller (M.F.A.) is working 
as a broker for Royal Real Estate, Inc., 
a major commercial real estate sales 
organization in Seattle, Washington. 


Fred Sammons (certificate, occupa- 
tional therapy) is president of Fred 
Sammons, Inc., a company producing 
self-care products and orthopedic 
rehabilitation equipment. 


Mitchell L. Easter (B.S. business 
admininstration) is the director of dis- 
tribution for Universal Foods Corpor- 
ation in Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin. 

James R. Lewis (B.S. physical ther- 
apy) of Asheville, North Carolina, 
has been elected to the Buncombe 
County Board of Education. 

Fletcher B. Owen, Jr. (Ph.D. phar- 
macology, M.D. 1959) has been 
elected an assistant vice-president by 
A. H. Robins Company in Richmond. 

Naomi L. Payne (B.S. business ed- 
ucation) has received a 25-year 
length-of-service award from the U.S. 
Army Troop Support Agency at Fort 
Lee, Virginia. 

Dr. Rudolph F. Wagner (B.S. psy- 
chology) has been promoted to pro- 
fessor of psychology and received 
tenure at Valdosta State College in 
Valdosta, Georgia. He is a member of 
the American Board of Neuropsycho- 


William H. Allison (D.D.S) has 
been elected president of the North- 
ern Virginia Dental Society. 

Dr. Hubert E. Kiser, Jr. (dentistry) 
has been elected middle director of 
the Southern Society of Orthodon- 

Percy Wootton (M.D., resident 
1960) has been elected an alternate 
delegate from the Medical Society of 
Virginia to the American Medical 


Arnold M. Hoffman (D.D.S.) has 
been elected president of the Tidewa- 
ter Dental Association. 

Dr. Bennett A. Malbon (dentistry) 
has been named to the Board of 
Trustees of Randolph-Macon College 
in Ashland, Virginia. 

Norman P. Moore (D.D.S.) has 
been named president-elect of the 
Tidewater Dental Association. 

Samuel H. Treger (B.S. business) 
has been named manager of business 
controls by IBM Corporation. 


Frances P. McKendrick (B.S. pubhc 
health nursing, M.S. rehabilitation 
counseling 1960) represented VCU at 
the inauguration of Claude H. Rhea 
as president of Palm Beach Atlantic 
College in October. 

Jackie Williams (M.S. business 
education) has been elected treasurer 
of the Richmond-Lee chapter of the 
National Association of Accountants. 


John D. Hutchinson, IV (M.S. 
rehabilitation counseling) received the 
Virginia Rehabilitation Association's 
R.N. Anderson Award in the fall. The 
honor was made for Anderson's 
meritorious service to the disabled. 

Janice G. Smith (B.F.A. art 
education) represented VCU at the 
inauguration of Robert L. Hardesty as 
president of Southwest Texas State 
University in September. 


E. P. Bednar (B.S. business) has 
been elected president of the Virginia 
Association of Homes for Adults. 

Margaret Z. Jones (M.D.) holds 
service appointments at Michigan 
State University as director of the 
regional neuromuscular laboratory in 
the Department of Pathology and as 
associate director of the laboratory at 
the clinical center. 


Carl F. Emswiller, Jr. (B.S. phar- 
macy) has been appointed to the 
American College of Apothecaries 
Committee on Constitution and 

Foster Hayes (B.S. business) has 
been elected president of the Rich- 
mond chapter of the Planning 
Executives Institute. 

James C. Lester (B.S. business) has 
been named divisional vice-president 
of the Business and Educational 
Services Division of the Million Dollar 
Round Table. 

Richard L. Meador (B.S. business) 
has been elected secretary-treasurer 
of the Independent Insurance Agents 
of Virginia. 

Howard R. Sherman (B.S. busi- 
ness) has been appointed senior life 
field representative in Richmond for 
Harleysville Insurance Companies. 

Gari B. Sullivan (B.S. business) has 
been named president of the Bank of 

Elizabeth M. Swinler (B.S. physical 
therapy) is a physical therapist in 
private practice in Moundsville, West 


Margaret T. Core (B.S. applied 
science) has reached 20 years of ser- 
vice in the Chemical Research divi- 
sion at Philip Morris. 

Emmette C. Skinner, Jr. (D.D.S.) 
has been elected recording secretary 
of the Tidewater Dental Association. 

Charles J. Sweat (M.H.A.) has 
been named president and a member 
of the board of directors of Victoria 
Hospital in Miami. 

T. L. Williams (B.S. applied sci- 
ence) has been elected vice-president 
of the Richmond chapter of the 
American Society for Metals. 


William L Ivey (B.S. psychology, 
M.S. 1971) is executive director of the 
North Central Oklahoma Community 
Mental Health Service, Inc., in Enid, 

Glenwood E. Padgett (B.S. busi- 
ness management) has been pro- 
moted to accounting services director 
by Virginia Electric and Power 

Kenneth P. Shutts (B.S. business 
management) is president of Service- 
master Contract Maintenance, Inc. 


Alumni Update 

James E. Wynn (B.S. pharmacy, 
Ph.D. pharmaceutical chemistry 1969) 
has joined the faculty of the Medical 
University of South Carolina College 
of Pharmacy as professor and chair- 
man of the newly-created Depart- 
ment of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 


Hilton Robinson Almond (M.D.) 
has been appointed the first medical 
director of the McGuire Clinic in 

Dennis T. Burton (B.S. sociology) 
represented VCU at the inauguration 
of William James Byron, S. J., as 
president of Catholic University in 

Beverly H. Conner (B.S. psychol- 
ogy) is working for the Arabian- 
American Oil Company in Dhahran, 
Saudi Arabia. 

Charles D. McCall (B.S. business) 
has joined Wheat, First Securities, 
Inc. as vice-president and branch 
manager of the company's Peters- 
burg, Virginia, office. 

Bill Mountjoy (B.S. physical 
education) is head football coach at 
Deep Creek High School in Chesa- 
peake, Virginia. 

Jane Owen Stringer (B.S. nursing) 
represented VCU at the inauguration 
of Thomas Vernon Litzenburg, Jr. as 
president of Salem Academy and 
College in October. 


Katherine P. Garnett (B.F.A. 
fashion illustration) has been pro- 
moted to senior vice-president in the 
marketing service division of United 
Virginia Bank. 

David E. Jones (B.S. pharmacy, 
M.S. business 1969) has been named 
director of the Animal Health Group 
in the Special Products Division of A. 
H. Robins Company. 

Isabella C. Laude (M.S. rehabilita- 
tion counseling) has been named to 
the board of the Florida Medical 

; 1967 

Edwin E. Smith, Jr. (B.S. phar- 
macy) of Tappahannock, Virginia, 
owns and operates Tappahannock 
Pharmacy and serves as chief of the 
Volunteer Fire Department. 

Milton F. Woody (B.S. education) 
has been named director of admis- 
sions and records by St. Louis 
Community College. 


James E. Bond (B.S. business 
management) has been named a vice- 
president by Bank of Virginia. 

Phyllis Brown (M.S. rehabilitation 
counseling) received a Distinguished 
Alumnae Award from the Westhamp- 
ton College (University of Richmond) 
Alumnae Association. She was re- 
cognized for her professional achieve- 
ments which include the founding 
of the Women's Resource Center 
at the university. 

Don Cirillo (B.F.A. commercial arts 
and design) recently completed a 
second film in the Public Broadcasting 
System's "American Indian Artists" 

Arthur Glenn (A.S. electronics) has 
been elected secretary of the Rich- 
mond chapter of the International 
Management Council. 

Raymond H. Johnson (B.S. general 
business) has been named an assist- 
ant vice-president by First & Mer- 

Diane Pioro Mack (B.A. history) 
has been named vice-president and 
managing partner of Summit/ 
Pensacola, Inc., a public relations and 
advertising firm. 

Thomas W. O'Brien (B.S. general 
business) has joined Bank of Virginia 
as a trust officer. 


David L. Ballard (B.S. general 
business) has been promoted to the 
grade of commander in the U.S. 
Navy. He is executive officer of the 
U.S.S. Santa Barbara. 

Everett B. Cox (B.S. pharmacy) 
holds the rank of commander in the 
Commissioned Corps, U.S. Public 
Health Service, and has become a 
certified pharmacist practitioner. 

Ernest N. Dixon (A.S. drafting and 
design) has been named an associate 
with the firm of Simmons, Rockechar- 
lie and Prince, Inc., consulting 

Joseph M. Essex (B.F.A. communi- 
cation arts and design) has been 
elected to Chicago 27, a prestigious 
Chicago design organization. He is 
vice-president and design director/ 


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Send to: 

Alumni Records Officer 
Virginia Commonwealth Uni\'ersit\' 
Richmond, VA 23284 
(804) 257-1228 

Important note: If this magazine is 
addressed to an alumnus who no 
longer lives at the address printed 
on tile address label, please advise 
us so that we can correct our re- 
cords. If you know the person's 
correct address, we would appreci- 
ate that information. Also, if a 
husband and wife are receiving 
more than one copy of the maga- 
zine, we would like to know so 
that we can avoid duplicate mail- 
ings. Please pro\'ide the names ot 
both indi\iduals plus the wife's 
maiden name, if appropriate. 


Alumni Update 

USA for Burson-Marstellar, an 
international advertising and public 
relations firm. 

Stephen R. Grubb (M.D.) has been 
elected to fellowship in the 54,000- 
member National Medical Specialty 

George L. Grubbs (B.S. retailing) 
has been named Ashland district 
manager in the Richmond division 
office of Safew^ay Stores Inc. 

Paul Gustman (M.D.) has returned 
to his private practice in pulmonary 
medicine after completing a second- 
year pulmonary fellowship at Mt. 
Sinai Hospital in Miami Beach. 

Alvin F. Harris, III (B.S. account- 
ing) has been promoted to assistant 
vice-president by Bank of Virginia. 

John C. Hilderbrand (A.S. air 
conditioning and refrigeration 
technology) has been elected presi- 
dent of the Richmond chapter of the 
American Society of Heating, Refrig- 
eration, and Air Conditioning 

Palsy J. Hoar (B.S. psychology) has 
been assigned to the Saluda, Virginia, 
Counseling Center as an addiction 

Don C. Vaught (B.S. economics) 
has been named an assistant vice- 
president by First & Merchants. 

Joseph E. Wright, Jr. (A.S. general 
business, B.S. business management 
1978) has been named a vice-presi- 
dent by Dominion Bankshares Cor- 

Robert S. Young (B.S. accounting) 
has been elected vice-president for 
administration of the Richmond-Lee 
chapter of the National Association of 


Alfred D. Bjelland, executive 
director of the Maymont Foundation 
for the past three years, has become 
general manager of the Fan Garden 
Shop, Inc. in Richmond. 

James M. Bennett (B.F.A. painting 
and printmaking) has written a 
textbook on calligraphy. The book is 
designed in workbook format and 
covers five basic alphabets. 

Joseph M. Brodecki (B.S. psychol- 
ogy, M.S. 1977) has been named 
chairman of the School of Applied 
Social Sciences' alumni fundraising 


campaign at Case Western Reserve 

Patricia T. Chappeil (B.S. medical 
technology) operates a business in the 
Richmond area. Temporary Labora- 
tory Services. She provides lab 
technicians to hospitals, doctors' 
offices, and private laboratories. 

Joseph Chicurel (D.D.S.) has been 
elected president of the Virginia 
Society of Periodontists for 1983. 

Barbara H. Dunn (nursing) has 
been named Nurse of the Year by the 
National Foundation March of EHmes 
and the Virginia Nurses Association. 

Charles D. Mayer, Jr. (B.S. sociol- 
ogy) has been named director of 
customer service for the southern 
district by Virginia Natural Gas, a 
division of Virginia Electric and 
Power Company. 

Robert E. Murphy, Jr. (B.S. 
business administration) is the acting 
branch chief of inventory manage- 
ment in the General Services Admin- 
istration of the U.S. Government. 

Paul F. Pearce (B.S. business 
administration and management) has 
been elected secretary- treasurer of 
the Richmond Association of Life 

Linwood R. Robertson (B.S. 
business administration and manage- 
ment) has been named corporate 
secretary by Virginia Electric and 
Power Company. 

Donald E. Thomas (B.S. business 
administration and management) has 
been appointed an assistant vice- 
president by Johnson & Higgins of 
Virginia, Inc., a New York-based 
insurance firm. 


Watkins M. Abbitt, Jr. (B.S. 
economics) owns a title searching 
company in Appomattox, Virginia, 
and teaches part-time at Longwood 
College in Farmville. 

Alan W. Adkins (B.S. accounting) 
has been elected to the board of 
directors of the Patrick County office 
of First National Bank of Martinsville 
and Henry County in Virginia. 

Patricia S. Atiyah (B.S. psychology) 
is working as a guidance counselor at 
John F. Kennedy High School in 
Suffolk, Virginia. 

Sterling T. Baldwin (B.S. eco- 
nomics) has been named assistant 
vice-president to lead the data 
processing department by Universal 
Leaf Tobacco Company in Richmond. 

K. Norman Campbell (B.S. 
management) has joined the Bank of 
Virginia as branch officer and man- 
ager of the Westwood branch in 
Fredericksburg, Virginia. 

Robert Ellilhorpe (B.M.E. music 
education) has been named Teacher 
of the Year in Hanover County, 
Virginia. He is a music and band 
director at a county junior high 

Norman B. Fizette (M.D.) is a 
clinical associate professor of pathol- 
ogy and associate director of univer- 
sity hospital laboratories for the St. 
Louis University Medical Center. 

George Fugale (B.F.A. communica- 
tions arts and design) has been 
named creative director by Redmond, 
Amundson & Rice Advertising of 
Virginia Beach. 

Ed Maynes, Sr. (B.S. management) 
is president of Ed Maynes, Sr. Realty, 
Inc. and Ed Maynes, Sr. Construc- 
tion, Inc. He is also vice-president of 
the Virginia chapter of the Real Estate 
Securities and Syndication Institute. 

Jerry G. Overman (B.S. manage- 
ment) is head of the investment ser- 
vices division of Continental Finan- 
cial Services Company in Richmond. 

Alan T. Penn (M.H.A.) has been 
named an administrator at Lake 
Hospital of the Palm Beaches in Lake 
Worth, Florida. He was also elected 
president of the Florida Association of 
Private Psychiatric Hospitals. 

Randall W. Powell (M.D.) has been 
inducted into the American Pediatric 
Surgical Association and the Pacific 
Association of Pediatric Surgeons. 

Susan Shaffer (M.S.W.) is the 
assistant director of the Mayer Kaplan 
Jewish Commuruty Center in Skokie, 

Mitchell B. Smith (M.H.A.) has 
been installed as a member of the 
1982 Humana Management Club for 
hospital administrators. 


John C. Christian, Jr. (B.S. sociol- 
ogy, M.P.A. 1978) has been named 
manager of pre-audit and compliance 
in the Department of Accounts, 
Commonwealth of Virginia. He 
formerly served as the organization's 
state accounting systems analyst. 

Alumni Update 

Rev. Cheryl H. Davidson (B.S. 
biology education) is a chaplain at 
Virginia Wesleyan College in the 
Tidewater area. 

Kevin R. Dunne (B.S. manage- 
ment) is employed as administrator of 
general services for the Virginia 
Division of Motor Vehicles. 

Marion Garber (B.F.A. interior 
design) had several of her paintings 
displayed in a one-woman show at 
Mary Baldwin College's art gallery in 

M. David Gibbons (M.D.) has 
been elected to fellowship in the 
American Academy of Pediatrics. 

David Carter Hastings (B.S. 
accounting) represented First and 
Merchants National Bank and the 
American Bankers Association at a 
meeting with President Reagan to 
discuss the tax witholding issue and 
to try and repeal the bill imposing 10 
percent withholding tax on interest 
and dividends. The bill passed in 
August, after which time Hastings 
was selected by ABA to serve as 
chairman of a Task Force on Withold- 
ing and Taxpayer Compliance. 

John Milliard (M. M. composition) 
earned his Ph. D. in music from 
Cornell University in August. 

D. S. Jackson Maynes (M.S.W.) is 
employed as the unit leader of the 
East End Mental Health Clinic in St. 
Thomas, Virgin Islands. She is also 
on the board of the Women's Re- 
source Center and is vice-president of 
the Mental Health Association. 

Amy Hoffman Mitchell (B.S. 
nursing) recently received certifica- 
tion in community health nursing 
from the American Nurses Associa- 

Patricia Powell (B.F.A. painting 
and printmaking) has accepted a 
position as project coordinator for 
family and adult programs with the 
Chrysler Museum in Norfolk, 

N. Robert Rusinko (B.S. business 
administration) has been promoted to 
senior vice-president of First National 
Exchange Bank in Roanoke, Virginia. 

Stuart W. Schluckebier (B.S. 
business administration and manage- 
ment, M.B.A. 1980) has joined Vir- 
ginia First Savings and Loan Associ- 
ation as assistant to the chief finan- 
cial officer. 

Nancy Fitz Winter (B.S. journalism) 
has been appointed director of 
development by Richmond Memorial 


Janice Arome (B.F.A. sculpture) is 
operating her own potter's studio in 
Charlottesville, Virginia. 

David A. Garraghty (B.S. adminis- 
tration of justice and public safety, 
M.S. rehabilitation counseling 1977) 
has been named warden of the 
medium security prison in Brunswick 
County, Virginia. 

Julian D. Giiman (B.S. marketing, 
M.B.A. 1977) has been promoted to 
assistant vice-president for pohcy 
services in the home office division of 
Peoples Life Insurance Company. 

Richard W. Gregory (A.S. informa- 
tion systems, B.S. business adminis- 
tration 1974) has been named a group 
leader in the programming depart- 
ment by the Bank of Virginia. 

Sandra Holland (B.S. journalism) 
received an award from the Fifth 
Army for an article she wrote on ben- 
efits to civilian employers of guards- 
men and reservists. 

Dr. Susan L. Vignola (M.S.W.) has 
been appointed to the State Board of 
Social Work in Virginia. 

Richard T. White (B.S. business 
administration, M.H.A. 1975) 
represented VCU at the inauguration 
of David Adamany as president of 
Wayne State University in November. 

Richard Whitener (B.S. business 
administration, M.S. business, 1975) 
has been promoted to senior elec- 
tronic data processing auditor in 
comptroller administration by the 
Burroughs Wellcome Company. 

Rev. Donald W. Wilson (B.A. 
history) has accepted a position as 
associate minister of the Fredericks- 
burg United Methodist Church in 
Fredericksburg, Virginia. 


Isaac Olujimi Ajijola (B.S. market- 
ing, M.B.A. 1976) has been promoted 
to project manager for the United 
Bank of Africa, Ltd. 

Jeff Barnes (B.F.A. communication 
arts and design) has been named to 
Chicago 27, a prestigious design 
organization based in Chicago. 

W. C. Fowlkes (B.S. business 
administration) has joined the 
secondary marketing team of United 
Guaranty, a mortgage insurance 
company with headquarters in 
Greensboro, North Carolina. 

D. Courtney Griffin (B.S. adminis- 
tration of justice and public safety, 
M.S. 1980) is a patrolman with the 
county police department in Chester- 
field County, Virginia. 

Samuel C. Hudson (B.F.A.) 
recently exhibited an acryhc/water- 
color in the National All-On-Paper 
Show 1982 at Terrance Gallery in 
Palenville, New York. 

Bethann Kassman (M.S.W.) has 
been named vice-president for cor- 
porate planning and marketing by 
Hackensack Medical Center in 
Hackensack, New Jersey. 

Victoria L. Kennedy (B.S. English 
education) received her M.A. in 
English/Enghsh education in May 
1982. She is in her ninth year as a 
communicative arts instructor in the 
Richmond public schools. 

Donna Lackey-Countess (B.F.A. 
theatre) has joined the L.A. Connec- 
tion, an improvisational comedy 

Chris A. Luppold (B.S. accounting) 
is partner in the firm of Gehrke, 
Luppold and Company, CPAs. 

Robert G. Martin (B.S. sociology) 
is working as an adult institution 
rehabilitation counselor with the 
Virginia Department of Corrections. 

Henry Moriconi (B.S. accounting) 
has been promoted to assistant vice- 
president by United Virginia Bank. 

Ed P. Phillips, Jr. (B.S. mass 
communications) has been named a 
vice-president of Brand Edmonds 
Bolio, a Richmond advertising firm. 

Roger Rothman (M.S.W.) has 
entered full-time private practice in 
Annandale, Virginia, and Silver 
Spring, Maryland. 

Robert E. Rude (M.D.) has been 
elected a fellow in the American 
College of Physicians. 


J. Matthew H. Banner (M.H.A.) 
has been named assistant vice- 
president/international for Hospital 
Corporation of America in London, 

Charles K. Beck (B.S. accounting) 
has been named manager of general 
accounting by Blue Cross and Blue 
Shield of Virginia. 

Wendy F. Bone (M.D.) is a staff 
physician at the University Health 
Center, University of Massachusetts, 
and is a part-time faculty member in 
family practice at the university's 
medical center. 


Alumni Update 

John A. Christopher (B.S. mass 
communications) has been named 
city editor of The Tampa Times. 

Ray A. Fleming (B.S. accounting) 
has been promoted to vice-president 
by Central Fidelity Banks, Inc., in 

Jerry A. Germroth (B.S. pharmacy, 
M.D. 1979) has joined the medical 
staff of Shenandoah County Memo- 
rial Hospital. 

Martha Edwards Hart (B.S. 
nursing, M.S. 1982) has been named 
clinical nurse specialist for the 
Department of Obstetric and Gyneco- 
logic Nursing at MCV Hospitals. 


Class Rings 

If vou failed to buy a class ring as a 
student, you can now order one. 
Rings for men and women are 
available in a variety of sizes. For 
more information and a price list, 
write for a ring order kit. If you 
graduated before 1968, please 
indicate Medical College of 
Virginia, if appropriate, when 
ordering a kit. The request should 
be mailed to: 

Alumni Activities Office 
Ring Order Kit 
Virginia Commonwealth 
Richmond, VA 23284 

James L. Hoover (M.Ed, adminis- 
tration and supervision) has been 
appointed school superintendent in 
Northumberland County, Virginia. 

Linda J. Reinke (M.S.W.) is in- 
cluded in the 1982 and 1983 edi- 
tions of Who's Who of American Women. 

Robert E. Rigsby (M.S. business, 
certificate in accounting 1977, M.B.A 
1981) is manager of financial and 
regulatory services for the Virginia 
Electric and Power Company. 

Wendy Winters (B.F.A. fashion 
design) operates her own business 
providing public relations services for 
clients in the fashion industry. 


Leonard C. Albro (B.S. accounting) 
has been named a trust investment 
officer by First & Merchants. 

David Cochran (B.F.A. painting 
and printmaking) had a collection of 
his acrylic paintings and pencil 
drawings on exhibition at Gallery 805 
in Fredericksburg, Virginia, in 

Maggie Dominick (B.S. mass 
communications) has been named 
manager of media services for Siddall, 
Matus & Coughter, Inc., a Richmond- 
Washington, D.C. advertising and 
public relations firm. 

Melanie Eggleston (B.F.A. crafts) 
received Best Model in Show honors 
for a clay sculpture at the Eighth 
Annual Atlanta Fantasy Fair in 

Janice Henshaw (B.F.A. painting 
and printmaking) is teaching ballet 
for the City of Richmond's Depart- 
ment of Recreation and Parks. She is 
also an independent accessory 
designer with Transart Industries. 

Eddie L. Jarratt (B.S. accounting) 
has become a shareholder and officer 
in the certified public accounting firm 
of Rothgeb, Miller, Morgan & 
Company in Roanoke, Virginia. 

Robin E. Miller (B.F.A. crafts) is an 
assistant professor at the Nova Scotia 
College of Art and Design. 

Robert Franklin Saul (M.D.) has 
joined the staff of Geisinger Medical 
Center in Danville, Pennsylvania. 

Norman R. Tingle, Jr. (B.S. 
biology) received the Community 
Service Award from the Tidewater 
Area Health Educational Center 
Program in September. 

Robert Waymack (B.S. recreation) 
has been named associate pastor for 
youth at Myers Park Presbyterian 
Church in Charlotte, North Carolina. 


Neil Duman (B.F.A. crafts) had 
several of his sculptural pieces of 
clear glass on display during an exhi- 
bition of contemporary blown glass 
in Staunton, Virginia, in October. 

Albert Hunt (B.M.E. music educa- 
tion) will receive his master's in mu- 
sic from the Manhattan School of 
Music in May. 

Barbara T. Immel (M.Ed, adminis- 
tration and supervision) has been 
named a marketing officer by Colo- 
nial Savings and Loan Association in 

Robert B. Marsh (B.S. business 
administration and management) has 
been appointed an assistant vice- 
president by Johnson & Higgins of 
Virginia, Inc., a New York-based 
insurance firm. 

Christopher Murray (M.F.A. crafts) 
has joined the design/development 
group of Knoll International. As an 
in-house designer, he is responsible 
for guiding furniture designs through 
the development process from 
concept to production. 

Barry L. Musselman (B.S. business 
administration and management) has 
been named vice-president of F & M 
Mortgage Corporation in Richmond. 

T. David Pearson (B.S. chemistry) 
has been appointed chemist by 
United Technologies' Inmont Corpo- 

Mary Rouse Root (B.F.A. art 
history) earned her master's in fine 
arts design from George Washington 
University last year. She is working 
as an instrument-person with 
Washington D.C.'s Metro project. 

Josephine Santillo (M.S.W.) is 
working as a field services supervisor 
in the Department of Human Services 
in New Jersey. 

Dana L. Stone (M.S. rehabilitation 
counseling) is working as an alcohol- 
ism counselor with the Council on 
Alcoholism and Other Drug Abuse, 
Inc. in Sitka, Alaska. 

Walter W. Tunstall (B.S. psychol- 
ogy, M.S. 1980) has been appointed 
part-time visiting instructor in psy- 
chology at Randolph-Macon College 
in Ashland, Virginia. 


Alumni Update 

Thomas S. Wash (A.S. information 
systems, B.S. 1979) has been named 
an assistant vice-president by Wheat, 
First Securities, Inc. 

R. Allen West, Jr. (Ph.D. chemis- 
try) has been named director of the 
trace analysis laboratory by Analytics 
Laboratory, Inc. of Richmond. 


Mary Eaton Sainton (B.S. psychol- 
ogy) represented VCU at the inaugu- 
ration of William H. Harris as 
president of Paine College in October. 

Lyn M. Benson (M.S.W.) has be- 
gun her own business, Benson- 
house of Richmond. Bensonhouse is a 
guest reservation service offering bed 
and breakfast accommodations and 
temporary lodging in Richmond and 
the surrounding area. 

Nicole Bretches (B.S. nursing) is 
studying law at the Nova Law School 
in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. 

Shelton M. Coleman (M.B.A.) has 
joined Richfood Inc. as manager of 
the data processing operations 

Antoinette V. Collins (M.S. reha- 
bilitation counseling) has achieved 
Certified Alcoholism Counselor 
status and is working as a case 
manager with the Alcohol Safety 
Action Program in Virginia. 

Steven T. Fisher (B.S. pharmacy) is 
a district supervisor for Rite Aid 
Corporation. He is responsible for 
pharmaceutical operations in 21 

Richard A. Fleming, III (B.S. 
rehabilitation services) is serving with 
the 32nd Marine Amphibious unit off 
the coast of Beirut, Lebanon. 

Forrest A. Hall (B.S. general 
science education) is working as a 
reference librarian, science bibliogra- 
pher, and instructor of library science 
at California State University- 
Dominquez Hills in Carson, Califor- 

Robert A. Hamilton, Jr. (B.A. 
history) has been named a personnel 
officer by First & Merchants. 

David R. Hoover (B.F.A. communi- 
cation arts and design) has been 
appointed acting manager of the 
university publications office at Ohio 
State University. 

Allison Jeffrey (B.F.A. art history) 
was one of three prize winners in the 
26th Irene Leache Memorial Juried 

Margaret Ellen Jones (B.S. biology) 
is working as an associate with the 
consulting firm of Booz, Allen & 
Hamilton, Inc. in Bethesda, Mary- 

Sherman Luxenburg (M.S. admin- 
istration and supervision) has been 
ordained as a rabbi. He teaches 
grades one, three, and five at the 
Rudlin Torah Academy in Richmond. 

Allen J. McBride (M.D.) has been 
appointed instructor in family med- 
icine at the Bowman Gray School of 
Medicine at Wake Forest University. 

John Montaigne (B.S. business 
administration and management) has 
been named an assistant vice- 
president by Wheat, First Securities, 

Gail E. Randall (B.S. English) is 
working as a mid-continent contracts 
analyst for Petro Lewis Corporation, 
an oil and production company. She 
has written a handbook of terminol- 
ogy and contracts used in oil and gas 
operations for company analysts. 

Thomas Y. Savage (B.S. mass 
communications) has received his 
Juris Doctor degree from the Wash- 
ington and Lee School of Law in 
Lexington, Virginia. 

Linwood M. Sawyer (Ph.D. 
anatomy) has been appointed assis- 
tant professor of anatomy at Bowman 
Gray School of Medicine at Wake 
Forest University. 

Margaret M. Worley (M.Ed, bi- 
ology education) recently graduated 
from the Realtors Institute, which is 
sponsored by the Virginia Association 
of Realtors in conjunction with the 
University of Virginia. 


John G. Crump, III (M.P.A) has 
been named manager of state benefit 
accounts in the Department of 
Accounts, Commonwealth of Vir- 
ginia. He formerly served as the 
organization's state payroll manager. 

Debra K. Diehl (B.S. business 
administrahon and management) has 
joined Whittaker General Medical as 
market manager of medical systems. 
She formerly was an assistant vice- 
president with Data Systems Corpo- 
ration in Richmond. 

Paul E. Furcolow (M.S. business) 
has been promoted to assistant vice- 
president for planning and informa- 
tion by the Bank of Virginia. 

Monika S. Gutowski (M.S.W.) has 
joined Ann Duffer Personnel, Inc., in 
Richmond, as a personnel consultant. 

Diana Haworth Helm (B.S. mass 
communications) has been appointed 
assistant to the vice-president of 
Smith Cattleguard Company, a sales/ 
marketing firm. 

Daniel E. Karnes (M.S.W.) recently 
received a certificate of appreciation 
from the Disabled American Veterans 
for his volunteer work with the Viet- 
nam Veterans Outreach Program. He 
is a psychiatric social worker at the 
Veterans Administration Medical 
Center in Salem, Virginia. 

J. L. Kirby (B.S. science) has been 
named treasurer of the Richmond 
chapter of the American Society for 

D. Dale Landon (M.H.A.) has been 
named administrator of the 52-bed 
Nautilus Memorial Hospital in 
Waverly, Tennessee. 

Carol A. McCoy (post baccalaure- 
ate certificate in accounting) has been 
appointed tax department manager 
by the Richmond office of Peat, 
Marwick, Mitchell & Company. 

Patricia Penn (M.Ed, elementary 
education) has been named Teacher 
of the Year for middle-level education 
by the Davis Foundation in Hutchin- 
son, Kansas. 

Walton S. Pettit, Jr. (B.S. health 
care management) is the rector of St. 
Thomas Episcopal Church in Rich- 

Kathy Pierce (B.F.A. art education) 
has been appointed resource teacher 
for elementary gifted students in 
Ashland, Virginia. 

Craig A. Reider (M.S. chemistry) 
has accepted a position as product 
development engineer with American 
Convertors, a division of the Ameri- 
can Hospital Supply Corporation. 

Kevin Ryan (B.S. mass communica- 
tions) has received his Juris Doctor 
degree, cum laude, from the School 
of Law at Washington and Lee 
University in Lexington, Virginia. 

Anna Larson Shenefield (M.M. 
music) is pursuing a doctor of musical 
arts at the University of Maryland. 


Alumni Update 



Robert V. Crowder, III (M.H.A.) 
has been named assistant executive 
director of the Virginia Baptist 
Hospital in Lynchburg, Virginia. 

Jeffrey D. Custer (B.S. health care 
management) has been named 
administrator of the Virginia Home. 

Joyce A. Duvall (B.S. business 
administration and management) has 
been named a commercial loan officer 
by Central Fidelity Bank in Rich- 

Jane B. Estep (B.G.S. nontradi- 
tional studies) has earned her 
master's degree from the American 
University, National Training Labora- 
tories, Washington, D.C. 

V. Douglas Freeman (B.S. rehabili- 
tation services) has been elected 
chairman of the Virginia Advisory 
Council on Substance Abuse Prob- 

Pamela L. Hazelgrove (B.S. bus- 
iness administration and manage- 
ment) has been elected president of 
the Richmond Life and Health Claims 

James M. Johnson (M.S. adminis- 
tration of justice and public safety) 
has been elevated to the 33rd degree 
in Masonry. He has been a Mason 
since 1971. 

Scott Letien (B.S. business adminis- 
tration and management) has been 
named head assistant golf profes- 
sional at Kiawah Island Golf Links, 
Kiawah Island, South Carolina. 

Nancy C. Mendez (B.F.A. art 
history) is assistant art director of 
three magazines for the Aircraft 
Owners and Pilots Association in 
Washington, D.C. She is also on the 
part-time faculty at the Maryland 
College of Art and Design. 

Ivy Parsons (M.F.A. sculpture) has 
been awarded a Fulbright-Hays 
Fellowship for a year of study in Italy. 
She will study early Christian- 
Byzantine church structures, particu- 
larly the effects of patterned, colored 
glass mosaics in combination with 
their architecture. 

Charles Robinson, III (B.S. mass 
communications) has joined WCPO/ 
TV-9 in Cincinnati as a writer/ 

Gregory B. Farmer (M.E. adminis- 
tration and supervision) has been 
promoted to associate manager-credit 
by the Farmville Farm Credit Associa- 
tions in Farmville, Virginia. 

Brian E. Gooch (M.H.A.) is serving 
as project development and adminis- 
trative officer for the Keyenta Indian 
Health Center on the Navajo Indian 
Reservation in Kayenta, Arizona. 

Kim S. Harris (B.S. marketing) has 
been promoted to corporate assistant 
vice-president for marketing research 
by Central Fidelity Banks, Inc. 

Karen Godmere Kanis (B.S. mass 
communications) has been named 
publications editor by the Virginia 
Nurses' Association. 

Janet Lynch (M.S.W.) has been 
appointed director of the Department 
of Social Services at Saint Albans 
Psychiatric Hospital in Radford, 

Richard P. Slight (M.S. business) 
has been named marketing research 
manager by Analytics Laboratory, 
Inc. of Richmond. 

Edward J. Smith (M.S. rehabihta- 
tion counseling) has been named 
director of Developmental Disabilihes 
Services in Suffolk, Virginia. 

Renee H. Smith (M.B.A.) is 
working as a systems engineer with 
Electronic Data Systems, Inc. 

Thomas Struthwolf (B.F.A. com- 
munication arts and design) is 
working as a designer with Photo- 
graphics Advertising in Fairlawn, 
New Jersey. 

James L. Watkins (B.S. business 
administration and management) has 
been named an installment loan 
officer by Central Fidelity Bank in 


Dale P. Burgess (M. taxation) has 
been elected a partner of A. M. 
PuUen & Company, a certified public 
accounting firm. He joined the 
company in 1974. 

Mark A. Hierholzer (M.S. rehabili- 
tation counseling) has been named 
assistant administrator of Poplar 
Springs Hospital in Petersburg, 

Larry W. Kidd (M.B.A.) has been 
named an assistant controller by 
Universal Leaf Tobacco Company in 

Judy T. Marsee (B.S. accounting) is 
working as a comptroller intern in the 
U.S. Army. 

Elissa A. Miller (B.S. business 
administration and management) has 
been elected vice-president of the 
Richmond chapter of the Society for 
the Advancement of Management. 

Thomas W. Sakots (M.A. English/ 
English education) is working as a 
reading teacher in the Goochland 
County, Virginia, school system. 

David L. Turosak (B.S. business 
administration and management) has 
been named administrative manager 
in the Commercial Property Manage- 
ment Department of Morton G. 
Thalhimer, Inc., Realtors. 

Michael A. Wright (B.S. physical 
education) is working as a health and 
physical education teacher in the 
Goochland County, Virginia, school 

Lost Alumni 

We've lost some alumni and we'd 
like to find them. If you are any of 
these persons, or if you know their 
whereabouts, please contact us so 
we can update our records. 

Thurl E. Andrews (M.D. 1954) 
Last known address: Phoenix, 

William H. Edwards, Jr. (B.F.A. 

communication arts and design, 


Last known address: Greensboro, 

North Carolina 

Sherri C. Shea (B.S. nursing, 1977) 
Last known address: Manchester, 
New Hampshire 

Mary Weeks Kirby (M.Ed, elemen- 
tary education, 1977) 
Last known address: Richmond, 

Please make all inquiries to: 
Alumni Records Officer 
Virginia Commonwealth University 
828 West Franklin Street 
Richmond, VA 23284 
(804) 257-1227 


VCU Magazine Nonprofit Organization 

Virginia Commonwealth University U.S. Postage 

Office of University Publications l PAID 

Richmond, VA 23284 Permit No. 869 

Richmond, Virginia 


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